Corruption Free Society: The Islamic Approach

Introduction

Corruption remains serious problems in the countries. It impedes economic growth, distorts competitions, inhibits development and productivity and undermines the rules of law and good governance understanding and conclusions seeing corruption as an interdisciplinary problems and should be handling in holistic perspective.

Definition: Is the abuse of public resources or public power for personal gain. Corruption watch is concerned with any such abuse by anyone at any level of government or in business.

Examples of public resources:-

·        Money, goods, vehicles, buildings and any other resources that belong to the government.

·        Pension funds and medical funds

·        Trade union money and resources

·        Lottery money

·        Donations to charities

Common form of corruption:

·        A business individual pays a bribe to a government official in order to be given a government contract or license.

·        The use of government – owned resources, such as motor vehicles for private purposes

·        A government official takes advantages of his or her position to favour a family member or business associate for a job or tender contract. This is commonly called Nepotism. 

·         A police officer solicits a bribe or a member of the public offers one in order to escape lawful punishment

Effects of Corruption:

“We can summarize the consequences of corruptions as follows:

·        Lower investments including foreign direct investment

·        Reduced economic growth

·        A shift in the composition of government spending from more productive to less productive activities

·        Greater inequality and high incidence of poverty

·        Reducing the efficiency of aid

·        Exposing the country to currency crises

Causes of corruption:

Corruption is widespread in developing countries not because their people are different from people elsewhere but because conditions are ripe for it such as:

·        Motivations to earn income is extremely strong due to:

·         Poverty

·        Low salaries (wages)

·        High risk of all kinds ( illness, accidents and unemployment and lack of insurance)

·        Opportunities to engage in corruption are numerous, more regulations lead to higher opportunities for corruption.

·        Weak legislative and judicial systems

·        Law and principles of ethics are poorly developed

·        Political instability and weak political will

·        Lack of good education.

·        Lack  of values

·        Lack of satisfaction

Quranic verses Agaist Bribery & Corruption:

·        And do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly or send it (in bribery) to the rulers in order that {they might aid} you to consume unlawful .Q2vs 188

·        Verily; Allah commands that you should render back the trust to those to whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching which He {Allah} give you 1 truly, Allah is ever all – Hearer, All – Seer Q 4vs 58

·        “O you who believe! Fulfill your obligation Q 5 vs 1

·        “ O you who believe, be persistently standing firm for Allah, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of people prevent you from being just. Be just, that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah; indeed Allah is acquainted with what you do. Q 5 vs 8

·        Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a blaze Q: 4vs 10

·        When it is said to them: Make not mischief on earth, they say: “Why” we only want to make peace Q: 2 vs 11

·        If a surety, they are the ones who make mischief, but they realize it not. Q: 2 vs 12

Hadith that warns Against Corruption.

·        Ma’qil ibn Yassar (R.A) reported from the prophet (SAW) that paradise is forbidden for any person in authority who dies in such a state that he is dishonest in his dealings with those under his rule ( Authenticated by Al – Albani)

·        Abu Dhar (R.A) narrated: I said to the prophet (SAW): O messenger of Allah, will you not appoint me to a public office: he (SAW) stroked my shoulder with his hand and said: “Abu Dharr, you are weak and authority is a trust. And on the Day of Judgment, it is a cause of humiliation and regret except for one who fulfills its obligations and properly discharges the duties (Muslim)

·        Abu Humaid As – Sa’idi (R.A) reported that the prophet (SAW) said: “Gifts offered to public servants are ill – gotten gains (Ghulu) – Authenticated by Al- Albani

How corruption can be solved.

·        The first tool is education

·        Inculcating good values during childhood

·        Changing in the system of government

·        Increasing direct contact between the government and the governed.

·        Making stringent laws for punishing the corrupt and blocking every way of escape

·        Increasing transparency and paying more attention to professional accountability. 

Muideen Olusola B.

+2348136902857

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