Some scholars say that Eid prayers are waaiib (obligatory) this is the view of the Hanafi scholars and of Shaykh al-Islam IbnTaymiyah(may AIlaah have mercy on him). They say that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) always prayed the Eid prayer and never omitted to do it, not even once. They take as evidence the verse, " Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)" [al-Kawthar 108:2] ,i.e., the Eid prayer and the sacrifice after it, which is an instruction, and the fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of AIlaah be upon him) ordered that the women should be brought out to attend the Eid prayers, and that a woman who did not have a jilbaab should borrow one from her sister. Some scholars say that Eid prayer is fard kifaaya [if some people have do it, then there is no sin on the others].
A third group say that Eid prayer is sunna muakkadah [a stressed Sunnah], They take as evidence the hadeeth of the Bodouin which says that Allaah has not imposed any prayers on His slaves other than the five daily prayers, So the Muslim should be keen to attend Eid prayers, especially since the opinion that it is waajib is based on strong evidence. The goodness, blessings and great reward one gets from attending Eid prayers, and the fact that one is following the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)by doing so, should be sufficient motivation. The majority of scholars say that the time for the Eid prayer starts when the sun has risen above the height of a spear, as seen by the naked eye, and continues until the sun is approaching its zenith.
Description of the Eid prayer: Umar (RA) said: The prayer of Eid and al-Adhaa is two complete rakahs, not shortened. This is according to the words of your Prophet, and the liar Is doomed." The Takbeer is repeated seven times in the first rakah and five times in the second, the Quraan is to be recited after each. It was reported from Aaishah: the Takbeer of al-Fitr and al-Adhaa is seven in the first rakah and five in the second, apart from the takbeer of rukoo. (Reported by Abu Dawood; saheeh by the sum of its isnaads)
If a person joining the prayer catches up with the Imaam during these extra takbeeraat, he should say "Allaahu Akbar" with the Imaam, and he does not have to make up any takbeeraat he may have missed, because they are sunnah, not waajib. With regard to what should be said between the takbeeraat, Hammaad ibn Salamah reported from Ibraaheem that Waleed ibn Uqbah entered the Mosque when lbn ,Mas ood, Hudhayfah and Abu Moosa were there, and said, "Eid is here, what should I do?" IbnMasood said: "Say Allaahu Akbar, praise and thank Allaah, send blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of AIJaah be upon him) and make duaa, then say Say Allaahu Akbar, praise and thank Allaah, send blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)...etc." (al-Tabaraani).
The prayer comes before the khutbah: One of the rulings of Eid is that the prayer should come before the khutbah, as is reported in Musnad Ahmad. from the hadeeth of Ibn Abbaas, who testified that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed before the khutbah on Eid, then he gave the khutbah." (Musnad Ahmad, 1905.The hadeeth is also inal-Saheehayn). Another indication that the khutbah should be after the prayer is the hadeeth of Abu Saeed (may Allaah be pleased with him):"The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to go out to the prayer-place on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adhaa, and the first thing he would do was to pray, then he would stand up facing the people, whilst they were still sitting in their rows, and would advise and instruct them.
If he wanted to send out a military expedition, he would decide about the matter then, or if he wanted to issue a command, he would do it then Bukhaari) Anyone who wants to leave during the khutbah is allowed to do so: Abd-Allaah ibn al-Saaib said: "I attended Eid with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and when he finished the prayer, he said: "We will give the khutbah, so whoever wants to sit (and listen to) the khutbah.let him sit, and whoever wants to leave, let him go. (Irwaa al-GhaleeI, 3/96)
Not delaying the prayer for too long: Abd-Allaah ibn Bishr, the companion of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), went out with the people on the day of Fitr or al-Adhaa, and objected to the fact that the Imaam came very late. He said, "At the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) we would have finished by now," and that was at the time of al- Tasbeeh .n (al-Bukhaari )
Naafil prayers in the prayer-place: There are nafil prayers to be done either before or after the Eid prayer, as Ibn Abbaas reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out on the day of Eid and pray two rakahs, with nothing before or after them. This is the case if the prayer is offered in a prayer place or public place. If, however, the people pray the Eid prayer in a mosque, then they should pray two rakahs for Tahiyat al-Masjid ("Greeting the mosque") before sitting down.
If people did not know about Eid until the next day Abu Umayr ibn Anas reported from his paternal uncles among the Ansaar who said: " It was cloudy and we could not see the new moon of Shawwaal, so we started the day fasting, then a caravan came at the end of the day and told the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that they had seen the new moon of Shawwaal the day before, so he told the people to stop fasting, and they went out to pray the Eid prayer the next day." (Reported by the five. It is saheeh; al-Irwaa, 3/102)
If someone misses the Eid prayer, the most correct view is that he may make it up by praying two rakahs. Womens attendance at Eid prayers: Hafsah said: "We used to prevent prepubescent [the stage just before puberty] girls from attending Eid prayers. Then a woman came and stayed at the fort of Banu Khalaf, and told us about her sister. Her sisters husband had taken part in twelve campaigns with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and [she said], my sister was with him on six of them. She said, "We used to treat the wounded and take care of the sick.
My sister asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) whether there was anything wrong with her not going out [on Eid] if she did not have a jilbaab. He said, Let her friend give her one of her jilbaabs so that she may witness the blessings of . Eid and see the Muslims gathering. "" When Um Atiyah came, I asked her, Did you hear the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) [say this]? She said, May my father be sacrificed for him and she never mentioned him without saying may my father be sacrificed for him I heard him saying that we should bring out the young girls and those who were secluded, or the young girls who were secluded, and the menstruating women, so that they could witness the blessings of Eid and see the gathering of the believers, but those who were menstruating were to keep away from the prayer-place itself." (Bukhaari).
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited