LYING UPON ALLAH AND/OR HIS MESSENGER (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) Allah informs us that it is not allowed to follow anything without knowledge:
"And follow not that 0F which you have no knowledge. Verily! The Hearlng, and the sight and the heart for each of those will you be questioned (Q7[Al-Israa:36)
And He also warns us not to speak about Him without knowledge:
"Say: indeed the things that my Lord has forbidden are: (and from them is) saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge". (Q7[al-Aaroaf]:33)
Lying upon Allaah is one way of speaking about Him without knowledge. The one who lies about Allah is amongst the most oppressive of people and will be severely punished in the Hereafter. Allaah says:
"And who is more oppressive than he who lies again it Allah or who denies Hi: signs ....." (Q7[al- Aaraaf}:37)
and also says:
"And you will see on the day of judgement, those who lie upon Allah, their faces blackened." (Q39[az-Zumar]: 60)
Many Muslim would tell YI,)U that armed robberv, bribery, murder, adultery etc. are all prohibited (haraam) acts, However, when it comes to lying upon Allah and or His Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam);obey are not even aware that such a sin exists and so they would indulge in it freely without worry. lrnaam ibn al Jawzee (RAH) in his Tafseer said: "Many scholars of Islam are of the opinion. that lying upon Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) is disbelief and that it takes one out of Islam (i.e. it makes him a disbeliever). Various ways in which Iying upon Allah the Most High and His Messenger (peace be upon him) are described below:
(a) Describing Allah without proof from the Qur'an or authentic Sunnah: One common example is describing Allah is being everywhere a religion ignorantly. Are we not aware that He hears us? Are we not scared by the saying of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) that:
"Among the people who will receive the most severe punishment on the Day of judgment is a person who killed a prophet or who was killed by a prophet. or a person who because of his ignorance, misguides people and lead them astray ... " (Ahmad)
Are we not severely worried that we will carry the burden of the sins of those we misguide thereby? The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"...whoever introduces a bad way which others follow. he will have its burden and the burden of everyone who acts upon it..." (Sahih At- Targheeb)
RULING BY OTHER THAN THE SHAREE'AH, This is another aspect of speaking about Allah without knowledge. Allah said:
"And whoever rules by other than by what Allah revealed, those are disbelievers". [Al-Maaida 5:44)
Allah further states:
"... by your Lord (Allah), they can have no faith until they make you (Muhammad (peace be upon him) the judge in all their dispute amongst themselves, and thereafter find no resistance against your decisions, but accept with full submission." [An-Nisaa 4:65]
Ruling by other than what Allah has revealed [or accepting the ruling of laws other than the Sharee'ah and following someone who is involved in it]. Is indeed one of the most severe types of disbelief to which the tongue can fall prey. Since most decisions and rulings are generally communicated through speaking then making haraam rulings would constitute misuse of the tongue. So we should be very careful about this be aware that ruling by other than Allah's law is not only for the people who are in governmental positions. Although it is easiest for them to fall prey to this but each person is liable, based upon his responsibility. as is explained in the hadeeth:
"Each one of you is a guardian and each person is answerable for his flock (those under his charge); ... " (Muslim)
This is another aspect of speaking about Allah without knowledge. Bid'ah is changing any aspect of worship in Allah's deen by either adding to it subtracting from it or altering it in any way. It is for this reason that the noble scholars of this deen expended so much time to warn this ummah about the great fitnah (trial) of innovation. This is because the dangers of bid' ah, and its destructive effects upon this deen are indeed very great.
The Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Whoever innovates in this matter of ours (AI-Islam) that which is not from it will have it rejected". (Bukhari)
Also he said:
"... And hold fast to my sunnah and the sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs. And beware of newly invented matters (bid'ah); for every newly invented matter is misguidance which leads to the fire. " (Ahmad).
More frightening is his statement that:
"AIlah refuses to accept the deeds of the practitioner ofBid'ah (innovations in the deen) until he leaves his innovation (bid'ah)." (IbnAbi 'Aasim)
It should be known that there can be bid'ah in beliefs ['aqeedah] as well as bid'ah in actions or deeds. The worst form is the bid'ah of belief which may either take such a. "believer" out of the fold of Islaam or make him into one of the seventy-two deviant sects that the Prophet has mentioned will be in the Hellfire (Abu Dawuud)
A case in point is an Ibadan based so-called Soofee sect who are neither caring nor sharing that recently proclaimed that they are not Muslims [and Allaah's refuge is sought]!!!
The majority of Muslims are deeply involved in many innovations particularly the bid'ah of dhikr which is committed with the tongue. However, we must realize that Allaah can only be worshipped with what He has legislated and that it must be performed as explained or done for us by the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and as it was understood by the pious predecessors. If there is no precedent from them then it is compulsory for us to leave it, May Allah guide us.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited