Cancer in teens: Brain Tumors

Brain Tumors are not common in teens.

Two of the most common forms are astrocytomas (pronounced: as-truh-sye-toe-muhz) and ependymomas (pronounced: ep-en-duh-moe-muhz). Astrocytomas are tumors of the brain that the brain called astrocytes. This type of tumor doesn’t usually spread outside the brain and spinal cord and doesn’t usually affect other organs. Ependymomas are tumors that usually begin in the lining of brain ventricles. The brain has four ventricles, or cavities, that are a pathway for cerebrospinal fluid, a liquid substance that cushions the brain and spine and trauma.

No one knows the exact cause of primary brain cancer. One possibility is that as the brain and spinal cord were forming, a problem with the cells occurred. Treatments vary depending upon the type and location of the tumor. If it is possible to remove a tumor surgery is usually performed, followed by radiation. Some patients receive chemotherapy as well. The chance of surviving a brain tumor depends on its type, location, and treatment. But there is a very good chance that if the tumor can be removed and additional treatment is given, the cancer can be cured.

Lymphoma

Lymphoma refers to cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, which includes lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, adenoids, tonsils, and bone marrow. The lymph system functions in the body by fighting off germs that cause infection and illness. Most teens with lymphoma have either Hodgkin’s disease or non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Hodgkin’s disease usually occurs in adolescents and young adults. It can show up in lymph nodes in the neck and armpits, chests, or other places. The lymph nodes become enlarged but are usually not painful. Hodgkin’s disease is identified by large, usual cells called Reed-Stemberg cells that are detected under a microscope after biopsy, a procedure in which a doctor removes a small tissue sample to examine it for cancer cells. Chemotherapy and often radiation are used to treat Hodgkin’s disease.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is similar to leukemia (ALL) because both involve malignant lymphocytes (pronounced: lirn-fuh-sytes), white blood cells found in lymph nodes, and because many of the symptoms of these diseases are the same. NHL is usually treated with chemotherapy.

Teens with Hodgkin's disease or NHL who have completed their treatment have an excellent chance for cure.

Other cancers

Other cancers that teens may get – although they are generally rare - include testicular cancer and rhabdomyosarcomas.

Although testicular cancer is actually rare in teen males, overall it is the most common cancer in males ages 15 to 35. Testicular cancer is almost always curable if it is caught and treated early. Boys should learn how to examine their testicles regularly to detect any abnormal lumps or bumps, which are usually the earliest sign of testicular cancer.

Rhabdomyosarcomas (pronounced: rab-doe-my-uh-sar-koe-muhz), or soft tissue sarcomas, are less common cancers that mostly occur in infants, kids and teens. With these cancers, cancer cells grow in the soft tissues of the skeletal muscles (the body muscles that a person controls for movement). Though these cancers can occur anywhere in the body, rhabdomyosarcomas most frequently happen within the muscles in the trunk, arms, or legs. The types of treatment used and chances for recovery depend upon where the rhabdomyosarcomas is located and whether the cancer has spread to other areas of the body.

 

 

 

 

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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