"He is the First and the Last, The Evident and the Hidden: And He has full knowledge of all things. (Q57:3)
Tawheed asma wa sifat is to firmly believe in the oneness of the Names and attributes of Allah and this belief has four parts.
* A Muslim must believe in the names and attributes of Allah. He must not doubt, believe in part or out rightly disbelieve in any of the attributes and Names of Allah. Such believe should be firmly rooted without any exercise of intellectual deductions i.e without giving meanings to such names and attributes apart from their obvious meanings.
* Tawheed asma wa sifat also requires that you describe Allah with the names and attributes with which He has described Himself or with which His Prophet (PBUH) had described Him. He has revealed a number of them in the Qur'an:
"To Allah belong the names most beautiful, so call Him by them" (Q40:60)
* You should refrain from describing Allah with the names He did not use for Himself. However his spiritual standing, it is beyond human prerogative to coin new names for Allah apart from the ones He has used for Himself or ones by which the Prophet (PBUH) called Him:
"..shun such men as distort His names: for what they do they will soon be requited. (Q7:180).
* Tawheed asma wa sifat also requires that a Muslim should refrain from using names and attributes Allah has used for Himself for any of His creature. None can be named or qualified with His names or Qualifications. Moreso, Allah is a perfect Being and attributes of His creatures must not be used to qualify Him. For instance it is shirk (unbelief) to say Allah created the world in six days and rested on the seventh. Such qualities as to be tired and to rest are most unfitting for Allah because
"...no slumber can sieze Him nor sleep... " (Q2:255)
It is equally haram to give man the attributes that belongs solely to Allah. For instance no one may be called King of Kings (Malik al-Amlaky. He is the
"Lord of the Heavens and of the earth...know you of any who is worthy of the same name as Him?" (Q19:65).
His names in the definite form must not be given to His creature unless preceeded by the prefix 'Abd meaning 'slave of' or "servant of."
However he has used some of His attributes for His Rasul (PBUH) (Q9:128) without diminishing any of His glory.
"Subhana rabbika rabbi! izzati amma yasifun wasa/amun alai mursalin wal hamdu lil lahi rabbil aalamin'' (“Glory be to your Lord, the Lord of honour and power. He is free from what they ascribe to Him and peace be on the messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and cherisher of the worlds.") (Q37: 180-182)
The Parables “….Allah sets forth parables for Men in order that they may receive Admonition” (Q 14:25)
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited