THE ETIQUTTES OF MEETING ANOTHER MUSLIM

 

The Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said,

"Shake hands with one another: any hatred [that exists among you] will go away; give gifts to one another: you will end up loving one another and any enmity [that exists among you] will go away "[Muwatta] 

And the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said:

"No two Muslims meets and shake hands with one another, except that they are forgiven [their sins] before they part with one another. "[Abu Dawood]

Islamic Etiquettes of Meeting Another Muslim

1. It is recommended to shake the other person’s hand We learn from the above-mentioned narrations that, by simply shaking a brothers hand, our sins are forgiven and any hatred that exists among us will go away. The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] exhorted Muslims to shake hands with one another, and the Companions [RA] applied that guidance. Qataaadah [RAH] reported that he once asked Anas [RA] Was hand-shaking common among the .Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] Companions? He said, "Yes". [Bukhari]

And in the story of when Allaah accepted his repentance, Kaab said, "I entered the Masjid, and there before me was the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. Then Talhah bn Ubaydullah [RA] stood and jogged toward me until he shook my hand and congratulated me. [Bukhari] 

And according to the Hadeeth of Anas [RA], when the people of Yemen came, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said:

"The people of Yemen are approaching, and they have softer hearts than you." [Anas [RA] said,] "And they are the first who came with hand-shaking.[Abu Dawood]. 

AI-Baraa bn Aazib [RA] said, "One of the matters that makes greeting complete is for you to shake your brother’s hand."  [Bukhari in AI-Adab al-Mufrad].

When you meet you brother, it is sunnah to shake hands with him, for doing so signifies an assurance of the verbal greetings of peace. The following is mentioned in AI-Adab AI-Mufrad: "You should know that to shake hands upon meeting [your brother] is an act of friendliness and an assurance or confirmation of the verbal greetings of peace. By verbally extending greetings of peace of peace, you announce to your brother that he is safe from you inflicting harm upon him.

Shaking hands is a pledge and an assurance to that effect: So by greeting one another and shaking hands with one another, each of the two people meeting knows that he is safe with the other." After you have read the narrations that establish the importance and virtues of shaking hands with your brother, do not be miserly with yourself when it comes to achieving easy rewards, and do not turn away from the Sunnaah! It is forbidden to shake the hand of a woman who is a stranger to you [i.e., one who according to the Shariah, you are not allowed to be alone with]

In a narration that she narrated from her father, Aisha [RA], the Mother of the Believers, explained how migrating women would pledge allegiance to the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]. She said, "When -the women would affirm [their pledge] verbally, the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] would say, Go for you have pledged allegiance. No, by Allaah, the hand of the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] never touched the hand of a [stranger] woman; instead, women would perform Baiah [pledge allegiance] with speech ... " [Bukhari]

Though it the normal practice among men to shake hands when giving Baiah, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] would have women give Baiah with a verbal pledge only. The hadeeth of Umaimah bint Raqeeqah [RA] confirms the ruling; in fact, it is a clear prohibition of shaking hands with women. Speaking of when women would give Baiah to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him], Umaimah [RA] said, "We said, Allaah and His Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] are more merciful to us than we are to our own selves; come, let us give you Baiah, "O Messenger of Allaah. The Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said: 

Verily, I do not shake hands with women. What I say to 100 women [the wording for the Baiah] is tantamount to what I say to one woman [Le. what I say to each among you ... [Ahmad]

Ibn Abdul-Barr said, "The Prophets [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] saying, "Verily, I do not shake hands with women, proves that it is not permissible for a man to make any physical contact with a [stranger] woman; he may not touch her hands with his hands and he may not shake hands with her." Related issue: Some people believe that it is permissible to shake a stranger woman’s hand behind a barrier, such as a piece of cloth or the sleeve of one’s shirt; however, they are mistaken. It is categorically forbidden to shake a stranger woman’s hand. True, there are narrations in which it is mentioned that women would give Baiah to the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] from above his garment, but those narrations are not authentic and therefore are not strong enough to counter the clear, authentic narrations that forbid the shaking of hands with women strangers., About the narrations which mention that women would give Baiah to the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] from above his garment, AI-Albaanee said:

"They are Mursal; AI-Haafidh mentioned them AI-Fath, so one may not, use them as proofs, especially considering that they contradict narrations that are more authentic than them ... "

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

 

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