At the end of our earthly life, events of the other life Would begin for some, they would rest in peace, While for others, it would be the beginning of a Miserable existence. May Allaah save us from this. The major reason people will be divided into these two groups is based on their knowledge and acceptance of one man; Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
Qatadah reported that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"When a human is laid in his grave and his companions return, he hears their footsteps. Then, angels will come to him and make him sit and him, "
What did you say about this man, Muhammad?" He will say, "I testify that he is servant and His Messenger." Then it will be 'Said to him, "Look at your place in Hell-Fire. Allaah has exchanged for you a place in Paradise instead it".' The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon) added,
'The dead person will see both his places. As for a non-believer or a hypocrite, he will respond to the angels, "
I do not know, but I used to what the people used to say! "It will be said to "Neither did you know nor did you seek guidance from those who had knowledge.
"Then he will be hit with an iron hammer between his two ears, and he will cry and that cry will be heard by all except human beings and jinns'. "(Bukhari)
So who is Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him)?
Writing about the life of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) is not something that can be accomplished in a few pages; tones have been devoted to this subject So we would briefly mention his biography and look at the message he brought.
Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was born in Makkah, Arabia, on a Monday, in the month Rabi' AI-Awal. His mother, Aminah, was the daughter of Wahb bn Abdu Manaf of the Zahrah family. His father, 'Abdullah, was the son of Abdul Muttalib. His genealogy has been traced to the noble house of Ismail (lsmael), the son of Prophet Abraham. Muhammad's father died before his birth. Before he was six years old his mother died, arid Muhammad was put under the charge of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib who took the most tender care of him. But the old chief died two years afterwards, leaving Muhammad in care of his own son Abu Talib Muhammad as a youth possessed such correctness of manners and purity of morals as were rare among the people of Makkah. This fair character and honourable bearing youth won him the approbation of the citizens of Makkah, and by common consent he received the title of "AI Ameen," The Trustworthy While growing up, he had to watch the flocks for some of the people of Makkah. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"Allaah did not send any prophet but shepherded sheep."
His companions asked him, "Did you do the same?" Prophet replied:
"Yes, I used to shepherd the Sheep of the people of Mecca for some Qirats. "(Bukhari)
Then at the age of forty Allaah raised him as a Prophet, and for the next thirteen years, he was preaching to his people the message of worshipping Allaah alone. This was met severe opposition, the likes of which are not seen these days. He was called all sorts of names, he was physically manhandled and some of his followers lost their lives in the process. The opposition could be summed up in the words of the Prophet himself, he said:
"I was threatened in the path of Allaah as no one else has ever been threatened, and I was tortured in the path pf Allaah as no one else has ever been tortured. Once, thirty days and nights passed when there was nothing for Bilaal and I to eat except the little that Bilaal had saved under his arms. "(Tirmidhi)
The opposition of the Makkans culminated in the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) leaving the city of Makkah (his place of birth) for Madina. At Madina, he was accepted by the people and from there the light of Islaam began to spread to other parts of the world. Even after his migration, his people did not stop their persecution and this led to some battles between the Muslims and the non-Muslims. While the Muslims won convincingly in the first battle at Sadr, the non-Muslims tried to reverse the result at Uhud but not convincingly, then there was the battle of the trench and then the manifest victory (the treaty of Hudaibiya) before finally conquering Makkah. Detailing his lifetimes is not something that can be dealt with justice in a few pages. So we will just look at one aspect of his life and message; his being a mercy to all that exists.
1. He is the pre-eminent among the children of Adam (peace be upon him)
Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri: Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"I shall be pre-eminent among the descendants of Adam on the Day of Resurrection, and this is no boast; and in my hand will be the banner of praise, and this is no boast. There will be no prophet, Adam or any other, who will not be under my banner. I shall be the first from whom the Earth will be cleft open, and this is no boast." (Tirmidhi)
Narrated Abu Huraira (RA): Allaah's Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"My similitude in comparison with the other prophets before me, is that of a man who has built a house nicely and beautifully, except for a place of one brick in a corner. The people go about it and wonder at its beauty, but say: 'Would that this brick be put in its place!' So I am that brick, and I am the last of the Prophets." (Bukhari)
2. Allaah took the covenant of the other Prophets to believe in him.
Allaah says, "And (remember) when Allaah took the Covenant of the Prophets, saying: "Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah (understanding of the Laws of Allaah, etc.), and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger (Muhammad) confirming what is with you; you must, then, believe in him and help him." Allaah said: "0 you agree (to it) and will you take up My Covenant (which I conclude with you)?" They said: "We agree." He said: "Then bear witness; and I am with you among the witnesses (for this). "(Q3:81)
3. Obeying him is obeying Allaah
"Say (0 Muhammad to mankind) if you (really) love Allaah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic monotheism, follow the Qur,an and Sunnah), an Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins, and Allaah is Often-Forgiving, Most Merciful" (Q3:31)
Some angels came to the Prophet while he was sleeping. Some of them said, "He is sleeping."
Others said, "His eyes are sleeping but his heart is awake." Then they said, "There is an example for this companion of yours." One of them said, "Then set forth an example for him." Some of them said, "He is sleeping." The others said, "His eyes are sleeping but his heart is awake." Then they said, "His example is that of a man who has built a house and then offered There in a banquet and sent an inviter (messenger) to invite the people. So whoever accepted the invitation of the inviter, entered the house and ate of the banquet, and whoever did not accept the invitation of the inviter, did not enter the house, nor did he eat of the banquet." Then the angels said, "Interpret this example to him so that he may understand it." Some of them said, "He is sleeping." The others said, "His eyes are sleeping but his heart is awake." And then they said, "The houses stands for Paradise and the call maker is Muhammad; and whoever obeys Muhammad, obeys Allaah; and whoever disobeys Muhammad, disobeys Allaah. Muhammad separated the people (Le., through his message, the good is distinguished from the bad, and the believers from the disbelievers)," (Bukhari)
4. Seeing him is a cause for victory in battle. Abu Sa'id Khudri (RA) reported Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying: "A time would come for the people when groups of people would set out to fighting in the cause of Allaah and it would be said to them: Is there one amongst you who saw Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him)? And they would say: "Yes", and they would be victorious. Then the people would set out for fighting in the cause of Allaah and it would be said to them: Is there one amongst you who saw those (who have had the privilege of sitting in the company of Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him)? And they would say: Yes, and victory would be granted to them. Then a group of persons would set out for fighting in the cause of Allaah and it would be said to them: Is there one amongst you who saw one of those who saw those who (had the privilege) of sitting in the company of Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him)? And they would say: Yes, and the Victory would be granted to them.
The nature of his message Allaah says:
"And We have sent you (Oh Muhammad) not but as a mercy for the 'Aamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). "(Q21 :107).
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) is a mercy to all that exists, those who believe in him and those who do not. As for those who believe in him, he is a mercy for them both in this world and the hereafter.
Being a mercy for the believers The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) is always concerned about the affairs of the believers, always trying to make things easier for them. Allaah says:
"Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger (Muhammad) from amongst yourselves (i.e. whom you know well). It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He (Muhammad is anxious over you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allaah, and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins, in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the Hell-fire), for the believers (he is) full of pity, kind, and merciful."(Q9:128).
1. His care for their condition Narrated Sa'd ibn Abu Waqqas (RA) "One day Allaah's Messenger (pbuh) came from a high land. He passed by the mosque of Banu Mu'awiyah, went in and observed two rak'ahs there and we also observed prayer along with him and he made a long supplication to his Lord. He ihen came to us and said:
I asked my Lord three things and He has granted me two but has withheld one. I begged my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed because of famine and He granted me this. And I begged my Lord that my Ummah should not be destroyed by drowning (by deluge) and He granted me this. And I begged my Lord that there should be no bloodshed among the people of my Ummah, but He did not grant it".(Muslim)
2. 'Audhu bi wahjika! In the explanation of Qur'an 6: 65 where Allaah says:
"Say: He has power to send torment on you from above or from under your feet, or to cover you with confusion with party strife, and make you to taste the violence of one another",
Jabir bn Abdullah said, When this Ayah was revealed Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
" I seek refuge with your face". When he read "or from under your feet" he again said 'I seek refuge with your face. And when he read "or cover you with confusion in party strife and make you taste the violence of one another "he said 'This is easier.' (Bukhari)
In another narration by Imam Ahmad who recorded that Khabbab bin al-Arrat, who attended the battle of Badr with the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said 'I met Allaah's Messenger during a night in which he prayed throughout it until dawn. When he finished his prayer, I said, 'Oh Allaah's Messenger! This night you have performed a prayer that I never saw you perform before'. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"Yes, it was a prayer of eagerness and fear. During (his prayer I asked my Lord for 3 things and he gave me 2 and refused to give me the third. I asked my Lord not to destroy us with what destroyed the nations before us and He gave me that. I asked my Lord not to make our enemies prevail over us and He gave me that. I asked my Lord not to cover us with confusion in party strife. But he refused me that'. (Ahmad)
3. During the Isra and Miraj the Messenger went back to his Lord several times in order to reduce the number of prayer to be offered in a day. The Prophet said:
"Then Allaah enjoined fifty prayers on my followers. When I returned with this order of Allaah, I passed by Moosa who asked me, 'What has Allaah enjoined on your followers?' I replied, 'He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.' Moosa said, 'Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it.' (So I went back to Allaah and requested for reduction) and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Moosa again and informed him about it, he said, 'Go back to your Lord as your followers will not be able to bear it.' So I returned to Allaah and requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Moosa and he said to me: 'Return to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to' bear it. So I returned to Allaah and He said, 'These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change.' I returned to Moosa and he told me to go back once again. I replied, 'Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again. '(Bukhari)
4. He reserved his special dua for them The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"Every prophet is given a supplication (dua), and I wish to preserve my dua as intercession for my community in the next world. "(Muwatta)
5. He paid if they died in debt. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"I am nearer to every believer than himself, so if anyone (dies and) leaves a debt, I shall be responsible for paying it; and if anyone leaves property, it goes to his heirs. "(Abu Dawud)
6. He sacrificed for those who could not from his ummah Narrated Aisha (RA): Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) commanded that a ram with black legs, black belly and black (circles) round the eyes should be brought to him, so that he should sacrifice it. He said to Aisha (RA):
"Give me the large knife", and then said: "Sharpen it on a stone." She did that. He then took it (the knife) and then the ram; he placed it on the ground and then sacrificed it, saying: "In the name of Allaah, 0 Allaah, accept (this sacrifice) on behalf of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and the Ummah of Muhammad". (Muslim)
Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah (RA): I witnessed sacrificing along with the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) at the place of prayer. When he finished his sermon, he descended from his pulpit, and a ram was brought to him. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) slaughtered it with his hand, and said: "In the name of Allaah, Allaah, is Most Great. This is from me and from those who did not sacrifice from my community". (Abu Dawud)
To the believers amongst the Jinns The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
"There came to me petitioner on behalf of the Jinn and I went with him and recited the Qur'an to them. " They (the Jinn) asked about their provision and he said: "Every bone on which the name of Allaah is recited is your provision. The time it falls in your hand it shall be covered with flesh, and the dung of (the camels) is fodder for your animals." The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: "Don't perform istinja with these (things) for these are the food of your brothers (Jinn). "(Muslim)
His being a mercy for the disbelievers Allaah has promised not to send down punishment to the disbelieving people while the Messenger is still present amongst them and his being merciful to them have turned many a heart to the path of Islaam. Allaah says:
"And when Our Verses (of the Qur'an) are recited to them, they say: "We have heard this (the Qur'an); if we wish we can say the like of this. This is nothing but the tales of the ancients. "And (remember) when they said: "Oh Allaah! If this (the Qur'an) is indeed the truth (revealed) from You, then rain down stones on us from the sky or bring on us a painful torment. " And Allaah would not punish them while you (Muhammad) are amongst them, following the message brings mercy. "(8:31-33)
His being a mercy to the animals Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (RA): We were with the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) during a journey. He went to ease himself.
We saw a bird with her two young ones and we captured her young ones. The bird came and began to spread its wings. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) came and said: 'Who grieved this for its young ones? Return its young ones to it'. He also saw an ant village that we had burnt. He asked: 'Who has burnt this? We replied: 'We'. He said:
'It is not proper to punish with fire except the Lord of fire. '" (Abu Dawud)
Giving out and returning
The Prophet of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) also taught some lessons with regards to when we go out and when we return to our houses.
Let us see some of these sayings. When leaving the house. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) taught us to say this when leaving the house. "Bismillahi, tawakaltu alallahi, wa la haula wala quwwata ilia billah.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited