The story of Qaaruun: His pride and his fall

In the Ramadaan edition, we began the narration of the story of Qaaruun, the wealthy man from the Bani Israail – the Children of Israel. In his story is a lesson for all those who have been given a portion of this life as wealth, that they should fear Allaah with it and use it wisely. Qaaruun went beyond bounds due to the abundance of his wealth and became one of the destroyed.

Prophet Muusaa (AS) called him but he behaved arrogantly towards him similar to the behaviour of Fir'awn and his minister named Haamaan. Prophet Muusaa (AS) preached to them, but their pride did not let them listen. Instead they turned their backs and blocked their ears.

Allaah told us that “…And indeed Muusaa came to Qaaruun, Fir'awn and Haamaan with clear proofs and signs, but they were arrogant in the land, yet they could not outstrip Us (that is theycould not escape Our punishment)". (Ankabut [29]: 39)

Qaaruun was envied by some of the unwise ones amongst his people because he had enormous wealth. They wished they had been given what he was given not minding his bad characters and not minding the fact that he has refused the sincere advice of the righteous ones among his people that he should refrain from pride and arrogance.

So he continued with this evil behavior until one day he came out to his people in his usual arrogance, displaying his tremendous and dazzling beauty and adornments ranging ftorn those on his riding animals to the garments on himself, his servants and other members of his entourage. Allaah says:

"So he went forth before his people in his adornments and attire. Those who were desirous of the life of the world, said: "Ah, would that we had the like of what Qaaruun has been given? Verily! He is the owner of a great fortune." (Qasaas [28]:79)

A true Muslim should not be like this. Instead, you should envy people only for the good deeds they are engaging in as preparation for their hereafter and wish that for yourself without any bad thought against those who have been blessed with it. Allaah says:

"And hasten to the forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for the pious." (Aali Imraan [3]: 133).

This was the statement of the righteous and knowledgeable among his people. They told the foolish ones:

"Woe to you! The Reward of Allaah (in the Hereafter) is better for those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and this none shall attain except those who are patient (in following the truth)." (Qasaas [28]:80)

And what was the end of Qaaruun after deceiving his people, boasting to them and transgressing against them?

Allaah made him an example and a warning for the later generations. He commanded the earth to swallow him and he will continue to be lowered until the day of Judgement. Allaah says:

"So We caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling place. Then he had no group or party to help him against Allah, nor was he one of those who could save themselves." (Qasaas [28]: 81).

The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) also informed us about the fate of Qaaruun. Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon him) said:

"When a man among the people who came before you went out wearing two green garments, walking proudly and arrogantly, Allaah commended the earth to swallow him up, and he will remain sinking down into it until the day of Resurrection. "(Ahmad)

This story teaches us that wealth does not indicate that Allaah is pleased with its owner except he is a believer, for Allaah gives and withholds, allows times of difficulty and times of ease. Instead having firm faith is better and more rewarding. We should realize that Allaah's reward to His believing and righteous servants in the hereafter is better than what you see of worldly wealth.

Abdullah bin Mas'ud (RA) related that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:

"Allaah has allotted character among you just as He has allotted your provision. Allaah gives wealth to those whom He loves and those whom He does not love, but He gives faith only to those whom He loves." (Ahmad)

Qaaruun was a disbeliever and Allaah confirmed his failure in the hereafter despite his enormous wealth. Allaah says:

"Know you not that the disbelievers will never be successful." (Qasaas [28]: 82).

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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