SURAH BAQARAH [THE COW]: Tafseer Muhammad aI-Ameen Ash-Shanqeetee (Translated by Abu Rumaysah)

"O mankind! Worship your Lord Who created you and those before you so that you may become God-fearing. Who has made tile earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down rain from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do 1I0t set up rivals unto Allah while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped)" (Q2[Baqarah]:21-22).

The saying of the Exalted,

"O mankind! Worship your Lord Who created you and those before you so that you may become God-fearing. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down rain from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not setup rivals unto Allah while you know:

indicating in these verses three or the proofs for the resurrection after death and these in turn are explained in detail in other verses.

The First: the creation of mankind in the first instance pointed to in His saying,

"worship your Lord Who created you and those before you,"

because the existence of the first creation is the greatest proof for the existence of the second. Allah has clarified this further in many verses, like His sayings:

 "It is He who begins (tile process of) creation; then repeats it and for Him it is most easy." (Q30[Rum]:27);

"...Even as We produced the first Creation so shall We produce a new one; a promise We have undertaken: truly shall We fulfil it." (Q21[al-Ambiyaa]: 104)

And also in His sayings:

"Then will they say: Who will cause us to return?" Say: "He Who created you first!" (Q17[al-lsra'] :51);

"Say: He will give life to those who He created the first time!" (Q37[as-Saffat]:79);

"O mankind! if you have a doubt about the Resurrection (consider) that We created you out of dust then out of sperm... "(Q22[Hajj] :5).

This is why Allah mentions that the one who rejects the resurrection has forgotten and not taken heed from the first creation, as in His sayings:

"Man says: "What! When I am dead shall I then be raised up alive? But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of nothing?" (Q19[Maryam]: 66-67)

The Second: The creation of the heavens and the earth pointed to in His saying,

"Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy,"

because these are from the greatest of creations, and the One Who is capable of creating the greatest is definitely capable of creating anything else. Allah has clarified this proof further in other verses, like His sayings:

"Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is a greater (matter) than the creation of men: Yet most men understand not."(Q40 [al-Mu 'min] :57);

"See they not that Allah Who created tile heavens and the earth and never wearied with their creation is able to give life to the dead? Yes, verily He has power over all things." (Q46 [al-Ahqaf]:33)

and other such verses.

The Third: Reviving the earth after it's death, for indeed this is from the greatest proofs for the resurrection after earth as indicated here with His saying:

"And We send down from the sky rain charged with blessing and We produce therewith gardens and grains for harvests; and tall (and stately) palm-trees with shoots of fruit-stalks piled one over another as sustenance for (Allah's) servants; and We give (new) life therewith to land that is dead: Thus will be the Resurrection. "(Q50 [Qaf]: 11).

And His sayings, "And He revives the earth after it's death, and thus shall you be brought out (resurrected)" (Q30 [Rum]: 19).

"When they have carried a heavy laden cloud, We drive them to a land that is dead make rain to descend thereon and produce every kind of harvest therewith: thus shall We raise up the (lead: perchance you may remember." (Q7[aL-A'raf] :57)

To be continued

“WA NABLUUKUM BIS-SHARRI WAL KHAYA” 

"We test you by evil and by good by way of trial: to Us must you return" (Q21[al-Anbiyya']: 35).

 

 

The theme of test is exhaustively discussed in the Qur' an but one of the most interesting aspect of it is its three pointer presentation. Tests could come as a painful bash or gracious boon and then finally, the test of human success in relation to the two is patience:

"And we shall try you until We test those among you who strive their utmost and persevere in patience, and We shall try your reported (mettle)" (Q47 [Muhammad}:31).

In our life of probation on the earth, our virtue and faith are tested by many things: some are tested by calamities; and some by the good things of life.

BYPAINFUL BASH: Allah tests with suffering and calamities and the Muslim must expect these tests from Him. Faith is in need of tests and trials to know how strong and how deep it is. Thus it is strong, firm faith which stands out in times of hardship.

"Do men think: that they will be left alone on saying "We believe" and that they will not be tested? We did test those before them and Allah will certainly know those who are true from those who are false." (Q29[Ankabut]:2-3).

Much pain, sorrow and self sacrifice may be necessary, not because they are good in themselves but because they purify the believer, like fire applied to goldsmith's crucible to burn out the dross: Allah also says about painful tests:

"Be sure We shall test you with something of fear and hunger some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil)." (Q2[Baqarah]: 155)

BY GRACIOUS BOON: Allah's test is not by pain alone, He also tests with good and gracious gifts.

"It is He who has made you inheritors of the earth: He has raised you in ranks, some above others that He may try you in the gifts He has given you." (Q6[al-An'am]:165)

All the gifts of life are but tests for man - his hands, eyes etc. are trials for him:

"Verily We created man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him, so We gave him the (gifts), of hearing and sight" (Q76[ad- Dhar]:2)

Increases in wealth and victories over foes are heart-warming to man, yet they are like holding on to a burning coal. The heart of Prophet Sulaiman (PBUH) was alive to this fact when he was granted his wish:

"This is by the grace of my Lord! to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And if any is grateful truly his gratitude is (again) for his own soul; but if any is ungrateful truly my Lord is free of all needs Supreme in Honour!" (Q27 [an-Naml]:40).

It is whoever passes his tests that has proved his true mettle! And no one passes except through patience and perseverance. Allah sends a message:

"And give the good news to those who humble themselves ... who show patient perseverance over their afflictions" (Q22[al- Hajj]:34).

And their fate?

"Those are the ones who will be rewarded with the highest place in heaven because of their patient constancy; therein shall they be met with salutations and peace" (Q25[al- Furqan]:75).

UNDERSTANDING THE QURAN 

"Be sure Weshall test you with something offear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil) but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere." (Q2[Baqarah}:155 )

KEY WORD & PHRASE

Test, fear, hunger, loss in good, lives, fruits, patiently, persevere.

SUMMARY STATEMENT

Tests come in the natural course of life, but what stands the believer out of the pack is his patience in the face of such tests for that is where his success lies.

LIFE IMPLICATION

When your own tests come, show patience and restraint.

STUDY TEXT

QUR’AN CONCORDANCE: TEST FROM ALLAH

Q11[Hud]: 7: "He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six days and His Throne was over the waters that He might try you which of you is best in conduct"

Q18[Kahf]:7: "That which is on earth We have made but as a glittering show for the earth in order that We may test them as to which of them are best in conduct."

Q29[Ankabut]: 2-3: "Do men think that they will be left alone on saying "We believe" and that they will not be tested? We did test those before them and Allah will certainly know those who are true from those who are false."

Q47[Muhammad]:31: "And We shall try you until We test those among you who strive their utmost and persevere in patience; and We shall try your reported (mettle)."

Q21[al-Ambiyaa]: 35: "Every soul shall have a taste of death: and We test you by evil and by good by way of trial: to Us must you return." 

Q60[Mumtahana]: 5: "Our Lord! Make us not a (test and) trial for the unbelievers but forgive us our Lord! For You are the Exalted in Might the Wise."

(Q94[al-Shahr]: 5-8): "So verily with every difficulty there is relief: verily with every difficulty there is relief Therefore when you are free (from your immediate task) still labour hard, and to your Lord turn (all) your attention."

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited