Praise be to Allaah who has guided us to the path of Islaam and granted this ummah special moments of communal joy. The Eid is a moment of communal joy for the Muslims and as Ibn ul Arabee said:
"It is called Eid because it returns every year with renewed happiness." (Usaan ul'Arab)
Ibn Aabidayn also said:
''The Eid days are thus named because Allaah renews His bounties in them; and He distributes His blessings to His worshippers. Thus on Eid ui-Fitr, He permits them to eat after having been restrained from food; and He requires paying sadaqat ul-fitr (the charity of breaking the fast) to the needy. And on Eid ul-Adha, He permits the completion of Hajj (pilgrimage) with the final Tawaaf (circulating around al-Ka' bah); and He requires offering sacrificesand distributing their meat, etc. Also, it is customary for people to be joyful, happy, and rejoicing during the' lid days." [Haasheeyatu ibn 'Aabidayn]
The Eids are a mercy from Allaah
Anas (RA) reported that upon arriving in al Madeenah, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) found its people celebrating two days whose significancewas held over the Jaahiliyyah. The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:
"When I came upon you, you had two days that you continued to celebrate from the Jaahiliyyah; indeed Allaah has substituted them for you with what is better: the day of Sacrifice and the day of Fitr (breaking the fast)." (Ahmad. Abu Dawud and others; authentic)
Shaykh Ahmad Abdurrahmaan al-Banna said: "(They are better because.) the day of Sacrifice and that of Fitr are legislatedby Allaah,and are His choice for His creatures. They follow the completion of two of the greatest pillarsof Islaam: Hajj and fasting. On these days. Allaah forgives those who performed Hajj and who fasted. and He sheds mercy on all of His obedient creatures. On the other hand, the days of Nayrooz and Mihrajaan were devised by the people of those times. because of good weather or other passing qualities. The difference between the two cases is apparent for whomever ponders upon this." (Al Fath ur-Rabbani).
The Islamic Concept of celebrating
Islaamteaches Muslimshow to celebrate the Eids. On these days, the Muslim'stake a bath and wear their best clothes. Even though fasting is not permitted on the day of Eids, yet. the major part of the celebration is not eating or drinking- rather, it is a prayer that brings Muslims together to remember Allaah's bounties and celebrate His glory and greatness.
The Eids and their celebration in Islaam carry a distinctive meaning and spmr. They are totally different from the celebrations in other nations and cultures. For other nations, a holiday is a chance to immerse in worldly pleasures, or to involve oneself in prohibited acts to the utmost. Not so for Muslims! For Muslims, the Eid is an occasion to increase in good deeds. Each Eid marks the conclusion of an important worship, and the determination to continue in obedience and submission to Allaah.
In moments of extreme pleasure or sadness, a Muslim never forgets his Lord's greatness, might, glory, and watchfulness. A Muslim's actions are always controlled by this continued remembrance and awareness. Thus the Eid is not an occasion to take a vacation from Islamic responsibilities and commitments, nor to waste time and money in extravagance.
It is not "fun for the sake of fun". Rather, it is controlled and directed rejoicing that is of ultimate and definite benefit for the Muslim. The Eid is a chance to multiply good deeds by bringing happiness and pleasure to the hearts of other Muslims, by helping and supporting the poor and needy,and by getting involved in pastimes that emphasize the strong and serious Islamic character.
Singing on Eid
Singing accompanied by the beating of duff isan approved type of lahw (vanity) for women during the Eid. Aa'isha (RA) said: "Allah's Messenger (sollolloohu ' alaihi wa sallam), entered (my house) when I had two little girls singingthe songsof Bu'oath (pre-Islamic war lore) and beating on a duff; so he lay down on the bed and turned his face away. Then Abu Bakr came in and scolded me saying, 'The flutes of Shaytaan played in the presence of Allah's Messenger?' So Allah's Messenger, turned toward him and said
'Leave them alone. 0 Abu Bakr! Every people have 0 'Eid. and this is our 'Eid.' (Bukhari, Muslim)
AI-Baghawi commented on this hadeeth by saying:
"Bu ' aath is a famous battle of the Arabs, in which there was a great victory for the Aws over the Khazraj. The war between the two tribes went on for one hundred andtwenty years - until Islam came. The two girls were singing poetry that described fighting and courage, the mention of which is supportive to the Deen.
But as for songs that involve mentioning sins, announcing prohibited matters, and displayingevil deeds - it is all prohibited. And it is impossible that anything like that would ever take place in the Prophet'S presence without him objecting adamantly to it. And as for his saying 'this is our Eief, it provides the reason for displaying joy in the two Eids as being a symbol of the Deen, because they are different from other days." (Sharhus Sunnah 4:322)
From this hadith, and other subsequent evidence, it is important to note the following:
A) The Prophet (sallollaahu 'aloihi wa sallam) did not object to Abu Bakr's statement that the duff, being a musical instrument, is a flute of Shaytan. This is taken as an approval from him this general rule, which conforms with other authentic evidence prohibiting the use of musicalinstruments.
B) He modified Abu Bakr's understanding by indicating that there is an exception to this general rule on specific occasions.A) The Prophet (sallollaahu 'aloihi wa sallam) did not object to Abu Bakr's statement that the duff, being a musical instrument, is a flute of Shaytan. This is taken as an approval from him this general rule, which conforms with other authentic evidence prohibiting the use of musicalinstruments.
C) The occasions in which Islam permits women to beat on the duff are the following:
I. The two Eids
2. weddings, and
3. to celebrate the arrival from travel of a respected individual.
D) On these occasions, hearing the beating of duff is permissible for men. for Allah's Messenger did so and approved of it as is seen in the above hadith. However, it is not permissible for men to listen to women's singing. becausethis is an unjustifiable source of great fitnah. The Prophet's (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) listening to two little girls does not constitute an evidence in this regard.
E) Because of the general texts prohibiting the use of musical instruments, the only musical instrument that the women are permitted to use is the duff; deriving any analogy from this to other instruments in clear violation of simple principles of fiqh and reason.
F) This privilege of using the duff is not granted to men on any occasion - as will be discussedbelow.
G) The permission given to sing during the Eids applies only to acceptable poetry that encourages good deeds and behavior. It cannot be extended to the songs calling to Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) And Ibn Qudamah (RAH) said:
"As for has cursed those men who imitate beating it (the duff) for men, it is the women." [A1-Mughni, 9: 174]
makrooh (despised act) in all situations. It was only done by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, commenting women; and if men do it, they would on Ibn Qudamah's words. said: "It is be imitating the women; and the obvious that his words mean its sinsand disobedience, as is common in manycultures.
As indicated above, there are no reports that the male companions beat on the duff. Thus, beating the duff is allowed for women becauseit is typical of them. and Allaah's Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) permitted them to do it, but he forbade men's imitation of women andvice-versa. This view is upheld by the majority of the scholars; for instance Shaykh ul IslamIbn Taymiyyah(RAH) said: "The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) permitted some types of rejoicing on the occasion of weddings and their like. He permitted the women. as well. to beat the duff during weddings and festivities. As for the men, during his time, not one of them would beat the duff nor clap their hands.
Rather it is confirmed in the Two Sahihs that the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said:
"Clopping the hands is for women; and raising the voice with tasbeeh is for men." And "AIlaah curses those men who imitate women. and those women who imitate men."
And singing and beating the duff are of the acts typical of women. Because of this, the righteous Salaf labeled the man who did that. effeminate." (Majmoo' ul-Fatawa, 11 :565)
And Ibn Qudamah (RAH) said:
“As for beating it (th duff) for men, it is makrooh (despised act) in all situations. It was only done by women; and if men do it, they would be imitating the women; and the prophet (Sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) has cursed those men who imitate the women [Al-Mughni 9:174].
Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, commenting on Ibn Qudamah’s words, said:
“It is obvious that his words mean its prohibition (for men)” (Kaff ur-Ru’aa 35).
And al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar al-asqalani, the author of the great commentary of Saheeh al-Bukaaree said:” The hadith that says
“Announce (masculine plural command) the weddings and beat (masculine plural command) the duff for it” is used by some people as evidence that beating the duff is not specific to women. However, this hadith is unauthentic; and the authentic hadiths (in this regard) give that permission to do that for women. Men cannot be included in that because of the general prohibition for men to imitate them.” (Fathul-Bari 9:226).
Al-Mubarakpuri agreed with this statement of Ibn Hajar, and he added:
“The Fuqaha (scholars) have said that the duff is that which has no bells, as Ibn al-Hammaam mentioned…Likewise, the permissible singing during weddings is specific for women; it is not allowed for men” (Tuhfat-ul-Ahwathi 4:210).
And the great commentator of the Qur'an, Ibn Kathir (RAH) said: "...Nothing is excluded from that prohibition of musical instruments, except beating the duff for the young girls - during Eid days, at the arrival of a respected individual from travel, and during weddings - as has been indicated in the hadeeths, and ashasbeen established in various places.And permitting that in some situations does not lead to permitting It in all situations.
Common in our times are the ugly scenes prophesized by Allah's Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) in which men and women gather to entertain themselves with musical instruments and other prohibited acts. (Bukhari) May Allah guide the Muslims to what isgood forthem in both lives.
Common Sins on Eid
There are many sins and acts of disobedience practiced by some Muslims more frequently during the Eid days. To them, the Eid is an occasion to give up some of the Islamic principles. They are usually encouraged to do so by the state of joy that they experience during the Eids.
Mingling of sexes
One of the frequently practiced acts of disobedience is for men and women who are not mahrams (those prohibited to marry each other) to mingle and do things prohibited in Islam, such as touching and shaking hands
Playing music and Drinking Alcohol
It is very common for people to play music and listen to it during the Eid all in the name of Islam! They call it “Ileya Jamz” or “ Ileya musical festival”. All of these are prohibited by the consensus of the early scholars including the four imams. The prophet (Sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"There will be among my disobedience practiced by some Ummah those who would indulge in hir (unlawful sex), wearing silk (for men), Khamr (any alcoholic beverage), and musical instruments. Some of those people would camp beside a mountain. A poor shepherd tending their animals would come to them in the evening asking for a need of his. They would say. “Come back tomorrow”. So Allaah would destroy (most of) them during the night, bringing the mountain over them and would transform others to ape and pigs until the day of resurrection” (Bukhari)
Muslims are supposed to dress up for the Eid. In doing so, however, both men and women commit mainly violations in Islam among which are the followings: men wearing natural silk or gold, wearing tight pants and shaving their beards, women exposing their hairs and other parts of their bodies that are Islamically obligatory to cover, wearing perfumes, make ups, decorated and alluring clothings.