FIQH AN-NISAA: Women's Prayer is Similar to Men's

The way in which women pray is the same as the way in which men pray in every part of the prayer, prostration, sitting, and so on. This is based on the following evidence:

1. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "Pray as you have seen me praying." (Bukhaari). This is addressed to both men and woman. Shaykh al-Albaani (RAH) said: "Everything that we have said above" about the way in which the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) prayed applies equally to men and women. There is nothing narrated in the Sunnah which implies that women are exempted from any of that. Rather the general meaning of the words of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam). "Pray as you have seen me praying," include women too. ( Sifat Salaatal-Nabi, p. 189)

2. The general meaning of the words of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam): "Women are the twin halves of men." (Abu Dawood) AI-Khattaabi said: "What we understand from this is: If something is said in the masculine, it is addressed to women too except in cases where there is evidence to indicate that it applies only to women". Some of the scholars said that a woman should not sit as a man sits (in prayer) and they quoted two daeef (weak) hadeeths as evidence for that.

AI-Bayhaqi said: Two daeef hadeeth were narrated concerning that, the like of which cannot be taken as evidence. The first is the hadeeth of Ata' ibn al- Ajlaan from Abu Nadrah al-Abdi from Abu Saeed al-Khudri, the companion of the Messenger of Allaah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) from the Messenger of Allaah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) that he used to command the men to spread out their arms in their prostration and he used to tell the women to keep their arms close to their sides in their prostration.

He used to tell the men to spread their left foot along the ground (and sit on it) and place the right foot upright during the tashahhud and he used to tell the women to sit. kneeling. on their heels." Then al-Bayyhaqi said: This is a munkar hadeeth. The other is the hadeeth of Abu Muteeal-Hakam ibn Abd-Allaah al- Balkhi from Umar ibn Dharr from Mujaahid from Abd-Allaah ibn Umar who said: The Messenger of Allaah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "When a woman sits during the prayer she should place one thigh against the other and when she prostrates she should press her stomach against her thighs compressing herself in the most concealing manner. for Allaah looks at her and says: O My angels. I call you to bear witness that I have forgiven her." Sunan al-Bayhaqi al- Kubra. 2/222.

This hadeeth is daeef, because it was narrated by Abu Mutee al-Balkhi. Ibn Hajar said: Ibn Mueen said: He is nothing. On one occasion he said: He is daeef. AI Bukhaari said: He is daeef. AI NasaaI said: He is daeef, (Lisaan al- Mizaan. 2/334.) 

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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