Talib wants to complete his fast this year so he wants ustaadh to give him all the nitty-gritty of the beautiful month of Ramadan. In sha Allah we hope you enjoy this topic as you always have the others, Taalib certainly will…
Ustadh: Assalaam alaykum warahmatullaah wabarakatuh.
Talib: Wa alaykum salaam warahmatullaah wabarakatuh. Ya ustadh! I want to know about Ramadan.
Ustadh: Na'am. Next month. we shall insha AIlaah start our fast and the sooner we prepare for it, the better. What do you wish to know exactly?
Talib: I just need you to tell me the what, how and when of Ramadan.
Ustadh: First, you must know that Allaah has made it obligatory for all Muslims. He says, "O believers! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may learn self restraint." (Q2: 183) It is an act that nourishes the body both physically and spiritually
Talib: How is that? 1don't see how not eating for a day can nourish the body. Please, explain it to me.
Ustadh: Spiritually, It helps you to become more obedient to Allaah and also more patient. It also teaches you self-restraint and it makes you better aware of Allaah (piety). Oh, and it creates love and brotherhood amongst Muslims.
Physically, it cleanses the blood benefits the stomach and may lessens the deposit of fats in the body.
Talib: Really? But why is it that Ramadan has that special feel about it and Muslims prepare so much for it?
Ustadh: Allaah says:
This is the month of Ramadan in which the Qur'aan was revealed, a guidance for mankind with clear teachings showing the Right Way and a criterion of truth and falsehood. Therefore, anyone of you who witnesses that month should fast therein, ... "(Q2: 185)
He has chosen it for us to fast and it was the month He revealed the Qur'aan. Though we have the voluntary fasts in other months, the days of Ramadan are for fasting and its nights offer extra rewards for the good deeds we do in it.
Talib: Talking about its nights and days, when do we know that Ramadan has started.
Ustadh: We know by the sighting of the new moon of Ramadan. Once Shabaan, the month before Ramadan is 29 we begin to look out for the moon. If we sight the moon or hear from a trustworthy source that the moon has been sighted, we commence fasting the next day. Otherwise, we count the month of Shabaan to be 30 days.
Talib: Can we all sight the moon and what if it is Cloudy?
Ustadh: We can't all sight it; due to the shape of the earth some places see it better and before others so we have to depend on them. As for it being cloudy, the Rasul (peace and blessings of AlIaah be upon him) said:
"Whenever you sight the new moon (of the month of Ramadan) observe fast, and when you sight it (the new moon of Shawwal) break it, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then observe fast for thirty days.' (Muslim)
Talib: What are the compulsory parts of our fast?
Ustadh: First, you must make the intention in your heart the previous night. Then you refrain from food, drink and sex from dawn to sunset. Talib: Are there Sunnah acts in
Ustadh: Yes, there are. And they are highly rewardable too. Shun bad character and language and make sure you don't get into fights in school, perform righteous deeds like reciting the Qur'aan and Tahajjud. You should also go to the masjid for Tarawih.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited