Ramadhaan, Muslim and the Qur'aan (Notes from the salaf)

Usually, the month of Ramadaan witnesses an upsurge in people being busy with the Qur'an. At various locations and more than in any other month, the average Muslim gets his life patterned more in accordance with the Qur'aan.
 
The reason is not far fetched, the Qur'aan.was revealed in the month of Ramadan.Allaah says:
 
"The month of Ramadaan in Which was revealed the Quraan, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong)." (Q2[Baqarah]: 185)
 
However, the' virtues and rewards I that come with the devotion to the Qur'an is so great that' attention should not be taken away from it even after Ramadan. Abdullaah bn 'Amr bn al-'Aas (RA)reported that, the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "On the Day of Judgment it will be said to the reciter of Qur'aan Read, Ascend, and recite with Rhythm as you used to recite rhythmically in the Dunya! For verily, your place will be determined by the last verse you recite. " (Abu Dawud)
 
There is no doubt that earning this and the very many other virtues embedded in getting sincerely busy with the Qur’aan are not restricted to the month of Ramadan
 
The Salaf and the Qur'aan
Worthy of emulation are the pious predecessors and their students generation after generation (RAH). They get really busy learning, studying and teaching the Qur'aan. For example no one amongst the Imaams is known to have exceeded fifteen years of age before memorizing the Qur'aan.
 
Additionally they left ample time for learning and teaching the Qur’aan to the people over days and Weeks, even when they, excelled in many other disciplines in life. Below are glimpses into the lives of the Salaf regarding the learning and teaching of the Qur’aan.
 
Mujaahid bn Jabr (d. 100 AH)
MujaaQid (RAH) was one of the students of the eminent companion and one of the greatest scholars of the Qur'aan, Abdullaah bn Abbass (RA).He was a reliable scholar very learned in Fiqh and narrated so many hadeeth from the companions. He was also known to be an expert in the Science of recitals ('ilmal-Qiraa-aat). 
 
Concerning the learning of the Qur’aan and its recitation to the teacher Abu al-Layth al-Fadl bn Maymoon said, "I heard Mujaahid .. saying that, 'I read the Qur'aan unto Ibn Abbass thirty (30) times.'" About learning the tafseer he said,."I read the Qur'aan to Ibn Abbass three times and I stopped at every verse asking him for reasons the verses were revealed and what they meant." It is reported that Mujaahid bn Jabr died in-a state of sujood (prostration) in sujood.
 
Ahmad bn Hanbal (d. 241 AH)
Imaam as-Sunnah and one of the most leaned of the people in the history of Islam, pious and steadfast; Imaam Ahmad compiled one of the largest books of hadeeth collection; Musnad al-Ahmad which cdntains about 30,000 ahaadeeth. Yet, his son al-Imaam Abdullah bn Ahmad bn Hanbal reported that his father compiled a book on tafseer containing narrations from the Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) the Companions and their students concerning verses of the Qur’aan.
 
The Compilation contains about 120,000 narrations and he taught them to his children Abdullah and Saalih(RAH).There is no doubt that learning this compilation was not restricted to the month of  For about twenty years, the Imaam compiled the tafseer of the Qur'aan in about eight thousand sheets equivalent to about one hundred and sixty thousand (160,000) paper pages, read and taught in the ummah for over five hundred years. It was reported that over the period of the compilation of the different segments of the work, students and scholars transcribed their copies from those of the Imaam. It is titled Anwaar al-Fajr fee Tafseer al-Qur'aan: Besides this Qaanoon af-Ta'weel fee Tafseer af-Qur'aan and Ahkaam al-Qur'aan  are two different but exceptional works of the Imaam on the Exegesis of the Qur'aan.
 
 
Ibn Taimiyyah al Harraanee (d. 728AH)
Sheikh al-Islaarn Ahmad bn AbdulHaleem bn AbdusSalaam al- Harraanee had memorized the Qur'aan at an early age. He had been blessed with a retentive memory which marveled even those who were the scholars at the time. At age twenty he issued religious verdicts as  a scholar in the city of Damascus which is known for its assemblage of excellent scholars in the Ummah in every generation.
 
Every morning on the day of Jum'ah, the Imaam sat to do tafseer for the people explaining the issues regarding the virtues, rulings, lessons amongst other things concerning the Qur'aan, depending on narrations from the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), the companions and those who came after-them (RAH). When his sister was asked concerning him and what he did most she said, "He regularly recites the Qur'aan". He died reciting the Qur'aan.
 
Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee (d. 1397 AH)
He was the great scholar, the Sheikh, Muhammad Al-Ameen bn Muhammad Al-Mukhtaar As-Shanqeetee. He was born in the region known as Shanqeet, which is the eastern part of the state of Mauritania. He studied under his maternal uncles, his maternal cousins and their women, the basic aspects of knowledge and the sciences of the Qur'aan.
 
ln the yet 1367H, he went to Saudi Arabia to perform the Hajj and began to teach there in the Prophet's Mosque. The people in charge of this Mosque became acquainted with him and sought for him to remain in the Haramayn (vicinity of Makkah and Madeenah) so that he can teach and provide general benefit. The students that often frequented his classes on Tafseer of the Qur'aan in the Prophet's Masjid were many, the most famous of whom were: Imaam Ibn Baaz, Bakr Abu Zayd and 'Atiyyah Muhammad Saalim.
 
His eminent student 'Atiyyah Muhammad Saalim reported that he used to say, "There is not a deed as great as giving the tafseer of the book of Allaah in the masjid of the Messenger of Allaah". And this is understandable considering the fact that in the sittings of the Messenger of Allaah, Jibril comes to teach the people the deen, and the sittings of the Khulafaa ar-Raashideen and the scholars amongst the Companions (RA) took place in the masjid.
 
Al-Imaam ash-Shanqeetee completed the tafseer of the whole Qur'aan twice in this masjid. He was later called to teach in the educational institutes and colleges of Riyadh from where he moved to the Islamic University in Maqeenah to teach. Al-Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee compiled a book of tafseer titled: Adwaa af-Bayaan fee Eedaahil Qur'aan bil Qur'aan in about 13 volumes.
 
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited
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