From Ibn Masood (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: Whoever dies while still supplicating to other than Allaah has a rival (to Him), will enter the Fire.' (AI-Bukhaaree)
The Reporter of the Hadeeth Abdullaah bin Masood bin Ghaafil bin Habeeb AI-Hudhalee, Abu Abdur Rahmaan, from the Saabiqooii AI Awaloon (the first and foremost to embrace Islaam) and one of the eminent scholars from the Companions. His virtues are numerous and Umar appointed him ruler of Kufah. He died in Madinah in 32AH.
The Meaning of the Ahadeeth
The hadeeth explains the status of supplication and that it is from the greatest of the types of worship and from the greatest of the rights of Allaah, such that if the slave directs to other than Allaah, then he becomes a mushrik.
He has taken a rival and equal for Allaah in Ulaahiyah (His right to be worshipped alone). And this is rebellion against AlIaah and opposition to His Prophets and denial of His Messengers whose dawah and message all agreed upon the obligation to single out Allaah alone for worship, and the greatest aspect of worship is supplication.
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: Supplicationis worship"(Ahmad). And Allaah, the Most High says:
"Invoke your Lent with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors." (Q7:55)
And He the Most High, says
"And your Lord said: "Invoke Me, I will respond to your invocation ...."(Q40:60)
And He says, prohibiting supplication to other than Him:
"And invoke not besides AIlaah any such that will neither profit you nor hurt you, but if you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Dhalimoon (transgressors, wrongdoers). " (Q10:106)
And He says:
"So invoke not with Allaah another ilaah (diety) lest you should be among those who receive punishment" (Q42:213)
So calling upon other than AIIaah acknowledges Ulaahiyahto the one called upon. And AIIaah's refuge is sought.
And He, the Most High, says, giving the ruling of misguidance and failure upon whoever supplicates to other than Allaah:
And who is more astray than one who invokes besides Allaah, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are unaware of their invocations to them? And when the people are gathered they (the false deities) will become their enemies and deny their worshipping. "(Q46:56)
And He, the Most High says:
Such is Allaah, your Lord; His is the Kingdom. And those whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him own not even a Qitmir (the thin membrane over a date stone). If you invoke them, they hear not your call; and if they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. An on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can iniotm you like Him Who is the All-Knower. (Q35:13-14)
And from these texts and their likes from the noble Qur'aan and the purified Sunnah, the importance of du'aa (supplication) and its status in the Islaamic aqeedah becomes clear to the one whose vision has been opened, his heart enlightened and his chest expanded by Allaah.
And due to this status, Allaah promises that whoever does not submit to Him through supplication will enter the Fire, humiliated and disgraced. So He says:
"Verily those who are too proud to worship Me will enter the Fire in humiliation." (Q40:60)
And the one who supplicates to other than AJlaah has been promised the Fire, as occurs in the Hadeeth. "Whoever dies while still supplicating to other than Allaah as a reward (to Him) will enter the Fire."
The Benefits of the Hadeeth
- The status of supplication and that it is the greatest of all the types of worship of Allaah.
2) Supplication to other than Allaah is major shirk and great oppression.
3) The one who supplicates to other than Allaah has only the Fire as recompense. If he dies upon that.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited