Lecture released by: Prof AbdulRazzaq Abdulmajeed Alaro
Umrah 2020: What Next?
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
[Inal-hamda Lillaahi [nahmaduhu wa] nasta’eenahu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na’oodhu billaahi min shuroori anfusinaa [wa min sayi’aati a’maalinaa]. Man yahdih Illaahu falaa mudilla lah, wa man yudlil falaa haadiya lah. Wa ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah [wahdahu la sharika lahu] wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abdulahi wa rasooluhu Salaawatu Rabbi Wa Salaamu Alaayhi, Amma baad.
Dear listeners from anywhere in the world, I say unto you all Asalaamun Alaaykum WarahmatuLllaah Wabaarakatuh,
My message today is actually meant for a specific audience. Yes, its not a general message. Its not meant foe the whole people. I’m going to talk to a special group of listeners and am going to disclose to you who my audience is after a very short while.
But let me for a while keep you in suspense before I disclosed the identity of my intended audience today. I know you would want to know who my audience is and I would surely tell you but let me keep you in suspense for sometime.
I would first of all like to tell you a story. This story was recorded by that great Imaam, great scholar of Islaam Al-Imaam Al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir (RahimahuLaah Ta’ala) the author of that famous book of Tafseer. He wrote another work, a very voluminous one titled: Al-bidaya Wa’l-Nihayah; (The beginning and the end). So it’s a book on history. The history of mankind. He named it the beginning and the end. He mentioned a particular story of a particular scholar, one of our pious predecessors in Islaam by name Abdullahi Ibn Mubarak (RahimahuLlaah Ta’ala). He was a student to the likes of Al-Imaam Aboo Haneefah, Imaam Malik. Al-Imaam Sufyan Ibn Uyaynah, Al-Imaam Sufyan At-thawri and the rest.
Ibn Mubarak was a unique personality. Allah so blessed him that he combined three important qualities. He was a scholar, a very notable, a very knowledgeable scholar. In terms of piety, very pious worshipper of almighty ALlaah. And added to these two (that have been mentioned) he was a very successful businessman. He was rich, and that is why I said he was so blessed to have combined these 3 qualities. Al-Ibadah, Al-Ilm, Al-Maalu Wa Tijaarah. Very knowledgeable, very very pious, always engaged in acts of Ibadah and yet, a very successful businessman. To the extent that it was recorded by Ibn Kathir and others that he had a habit of going on Hajj every other year.
That’s if he performs (Hajj) this year, he would engage in another act of Ibadan next year. In some narrations. It was stated that he would go on Hajj one year and go for Jihad the other year.
So he used to go for Hajj every other year. So in one of his years of Hajj in which he performed pilgrimage, something really happened, and this is what I am going to tell you as recorded by Ibn Kathir. He went with a group of people as usual, and with their provisions with them, their food stuffs and everything were intact with them. When they got to a particular point, they have with them, some livestock, some animals that they kept as part of their provision for foodstuff. It was discovered that a particular bird meant for consumption by them had died. So they had to throw it away. It has become a carcass that is not permissible for a musim to consume anymore. So they threw it away, they found a kind of refuse and they threw it in (the refuse) for collection by those who collect refuse.
But moving away a little bit from the scene, Ibn Mubarak noticed that a young lady quickly rushed to that spot and removed the dead bird, the carcass, the maitah that was thrown by them. (she) quickly removed it, packed it and took it inside the house.
Ibn Mubarak have to follow her to see what was happening. And he talked to the lady and the lady confessed that they were going to consume it. They were going to eat it (the dead bird). She said myself and my brother, we are both orphans. We have no dad, we have no parent and we only rely on what people throw away as waste. That is our means of survival. We rely on what people throw away as waste, as refuse. That is what we eat. We go quickly as we have seen you thrown away a bird, a carcass, a maitah that is not useful again to you, that is what is our practice everyday.
Then having had this, Ibn Mubarak drew attention of his co-travellers. Called them to come back and narrated the story to them.
These are two young man and woman and they have no means of livelihood and they rely on what people throw away as waste. Then he took a decision. He passed his ownlike he has somebody that is in his service, like his employee that is usually with him whenever he… you know we said he was a successful businessman. That (employee) was like his treasurer. He kept all the money belonging to Ibn Mubarak. So he asked him how much do we have left. And he answered, we have 1000 dinar. 1000 dinar, if you want to know the equivalent of that today, I would tell you. Its just 20 dinar that is the minimum amount of money that you pay Zakat on. And when you look at it today in Dollars, it will be maybe around, I cannot say precisely but it should be in thousands of dollars. Since am speaking right now from Nigeria, I can say precisely in Nigeria, its about a million Naira. When you talk about Alifu Dinaar, (1000 Dinar), it means you are talking of approximately N50m.
It’s a huge amount of money. Then he (Ibn Mubarak) asked the treasurer. He said we have 1000 (dinar) with us, good. How much do we need that would take us back to Marv. Marv is a town he came from. Marv today is Turkmenistan. Part of the Old Soviet Union, the Republic. He (Ibn Mubarak) said take 20 dinar out of 1000 dinar you have left, because that is sufficeint to take us back to our house, to our home, to our city in Marv. And give the rest, how much is the rest 980 dinar. You know we sais, its up to thousands of dollars. In Nigerian Naira, almost 50 million naira. He said, give everything to this lady and her brother. Then he said as recorded by… this is the sentence I want you to underline he (Ibn Mubarak) said “This is better than our pilgrimage for this year.” This is better than our pilgrimage (Hajj) for this year.”
Its in Al-bidaya Wa’l-Nihayah that I mentioned in the beginning.
Dear listeners, brothers and sisters in Islam, Now am going to revealed to you the identity of my intended audience.
They are the ones that ALlaah has so blessed. They have the means of going to Hajj or Umrah every year. We know how much of resources is required for you to go to Umrah or Hajj every year. AlhamduliLlaah if you are so blessed, it is something that is meritorious, that is encourage and very commendable. Even though Umrah according to Imaam Malik and Imaam Aboo Haneefah (May ALlaah have mercy on them), they opined that it is not obligatory. But Imaam Shafi and Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hambal (May ALlaah have mercy on them) opined that Umrah is as obligatory as Hajj. But even upon saying that, they ( Imaam Shafi and Imaam Hambal) would tag that it is only compulsory once in a lifetime just like Hajj. This is also the opinion of Imaam Al-Bukhaari. Even if we go by that view that Umrah is compulsory just like Hajj, its just once in a life-time. Any other Umrah that you perform is a Nafilah and ALlaah would record it for you as good deeds. But the point am trying to make here is that, this is an era of Pandemic. In every likelyhood and from all indications, The Umrah for this year, particularly the Ramadan Umrah for this year; 1441 (Year 2020), may not likely be possible (for people to go on Umrah).
Then can you think of another way that would give you equal reward or even a higher amount of reward, this is where am going. Ibn Mubarak said (in the story that was mentioned earier), what we have done, (by giving all our provisions to this orphans) is better than our Hajj for this year. You can take it as a hashtag now.
Let’s find something that is better than going on Umrah for this year 2020 because of the prevailing circumstance. So you can still earn that reward, you can even earn better, by dedicating just that amount of money, you usually used to go on Umrah every year, look around where you live, anywhere in the world, am talking to Muslims all over the world, look at people that are really suffering, there is real hunger in the land, most of the countries in the world today are under lock down. And don’t let us deceive ourselves, no matter our rich a country is, no Government can cater for the needs of all its citizens. Some Government are trying, some are not even doing. But no matter how, people are in need of assistance.
And this is a rare and golden opportunity for you to achieve the pleasure of almighty ALlaah.
Follow this good steps of Ibn Mubarak. A very knowledgeable, pious and a successful businessman. A very knowledgeable scholar; Ibn Mubarak (RahimahuLlaah) said (to his entourage) take 20 (dinar) that would be sufficient enough to take us back home and give the rest to those who are in need. This is better than our pilgrimage for this year.
So please am advising you, look around the vicinity in which you live, in your city, in your district, in your state, in your country. You’ll have a lot of people who are suffering under this present pandemic, people are really suffering. A lot of people live on daily wages, when there is lockdown, they can’t go out to work and who will feed them. And no matter what, their savings would get exhausted in just a few days. And that is an experience that everybody can verify.
In your locality, in your community, please!. It’s a golden opportunity. Yes, you are missing Umrah for this year, but there is another way. That is the beauty of Islaam, that would hand you an equal or even a better reward that you use to get.
Look at orphans around you, look at widows around you, look at the poor, the poorest of the poor, the needy around you, look at your relatives who are suffering. The far and near relatives, it is an oportunity that I want all of us to please seize. Its an opportunity. We ask ALlaah (Subhaana Wa Taala) in his mercy, in his infinite mercy, to please pardon us, forgive us our shortcomings, remove this calamity, remove this pandemic from us as quick as possible.
Wa SalaLlaahu WaSalaam Wa Baarik ala Muhammad Wa Ala Aalihi, Wasaabihi Ajma’ hin.
Transcribed by: Sulaiman Olayinka Saddiq