Meaning and application of the names of Allah

Allaah: He who deserves to be worshipped Allah says:

"All the praises and thanks be to Allaah, the Lord of the 'A1ameen [humankind, the jinn and all that exists." (Q1 [Faatihah]: 2) 

"That is Allah, your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things." (Q6: 102)

 

Tafseer

Shaykh Ibn jareer at-Tabari said in his tafseer: The interpretation of Allaah is, according to the meaning narrated to us from 'Abdullaah Ibn Abbas: He is the One Whom everything takes as its god, Whom all creatures worship. Allaah is He Who possesses the attributes of divinity and of being worshipped with respect to all His creatures.

According to Ibn Katheer's tafseer, "The word 'Allaah' is a proper noun (and the personal name) of the Lord. It is said to be the Greatest Name because it describes all of His attributes."

Allaah says:

"He is Allaah, other than whom there is no deity, Knower of the unseen and the witnessed. He is the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. He is A1laah, other than whom there’s no deity, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Perfection, the Bestower of Faith, the Overseer, the Exalted in Might, the Compeller, the Superior. Exalted is Allaah above whatever they associate with Him. He is Allaah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. "Whatever is in the heavens and earth is exalting Him. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise." (Q59: 22-24)

From al-Qurtubi's tafseer of the bismillah in the Qur'an, we find the following related to the meaning of this name:

"Nothing else has this name; it is not found in female or plural form. Some scholars say this is His greatest and most complete name. It has three possible meanings: the One who deserves to be worshipped, the One whose existence is a must (He has always been and always shall be), and the Unique One."

Knowing that Allaah is the only deity worthy of worship should inspire the sincere servants of Allaah to direct all of their worship, including their love, hope, prayers and intentions, to Allaah alone.

There is no sense in worshipping other than Allaah, those who have no power to aid or answer prayers. Allaah alone can answer our prayers and aid us in trying times, and He alone deserves the ultimate gratitude and devotion from us.

 

Supplication

Abdur-Rahman ibn Abu Bakr said to his father: "Father, I hear you recite every day, 'O Allaah! Make me sound in body. O Allaah! Make me sound in hearing. O Allaah!

Make me sound in sight. There is no god but You. 'You repeat it three times in the morning and evening. Abu Bakr (RA) replied: "My son, I heard the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu oloyhi wa sallam) supplicate in these words, and I love to follow his practice."

(a reliable hadith recorded by Abu Dawood)

Abu Usayd reported that the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alayhi wa sollam) said:

"When anyone of you enters the mosque, he should say: O Allaah! Open for me the doors of Thy mercy; when he steps out, he should say: O Allaah! I beg of You Your Grace." (Muslim)

Umar ibn al-Khattab narrated that the Messenger of Allah (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "If any amongst you makes a perfect ablution, then supplicates:

'O Allaah! Make me among those who turn to You in repentance, and make among those who are purified,' Allah opens unto Him the eight gates of the Garden, that he may enter at which he chooses." (Abu Dawood and at-Tirmidhi) 

"O Allaah! Grant me an easy reckoning." (Ahmad)

"O Allaah! I ask of You guidance, piety and chastity and to be free of depending upon anyone (except You)."  (Muslim).

 

Al-Adheem: The Most Great

Another name of Allaah is al-Adheem. Allaah says:

"His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great." (Q2[Baqarah]:255)

"To Him belongs whatevers in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and He is the Most High. The Most Great." (Q42 [Nisaa]: 4)

 

Tafseer

Allaah is greater than everything. He is the Almighty, and none is even close to possessing such might. Rather, everything is subject to Allaah's might and power. He is the only Lord, the Most High, and Most Great. Nothing can compare to His awesome greatness.

 

Application

Knowing that Allaah is the Most Great gives the servants of Allaah a sense of need to serve Allaah. Their hearts are filled with humbleness and submission towards Allaah. Indeed, nothing is worthy of being worshipped except the Most Great One.

 

Supplication

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) said that the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to say, in times of difficulty:

"There is none worthy of worship other than Allaah, the Most Great, the Forbearing. There is none worthy of worship other than Allaah, Lord of the Magnificent Throne. There is none worthy of worship other than Allaah, Lord of the heavens and the earth, Lord of the Glorious throne." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Abdullah ibn 'Abbas (RA) narrated that the Prophet (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"If anyone visits a sick person whose time (of death) has not come, and says with him seven times: I ask Allaah, the Most Great, the Lord of the mighty Throne, to cure you. AI/aah will cure him from that disease." (Abu Dawood and at-Tirmidhi)

Jabir (RA) narrated that the Prophet (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"Whenever someone says, 'How perfect AIlah is, the Most Great, and I praise Him,' a palm tree is planted for him in paradise." (a reliable hadith recorded by at-Tirrnidhi)

Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"(There are) two expressions which are dear to the Gracious (Allaah) and very light (easy) for the tongue (to say), but very heavy in weight in the balance. They are: Subhanallahi wabihamdihi (How perfect Allaah is, and I praise Him) and Subhanallah al- 'Adheem (How perfect Allah is, the Most Great)." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn 'Abbas (RA) said that the Prophet of Allaah (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) taught this prayer for when one has a fever or other pain:

"In the name of Allaah, the Great, I seek refuge in Allaah, the Most Great, from the evil of every spurting vein and from the evil of the heat of the Fire." (at-Tirmidhi)

Ubadah ibn as-Sam it narrated that the Prophet (salallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "If anyone awakes at night and then says:

None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone without partners. To Him belongs sovereignty and praise, and He is over all things wholly capable. How perfect Allaah is, and all praise is for Altaah, and none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah. Allaah is the greatest, and there is no power nor might except with Allaah, the Most High, the Most Great -and then supplicates O my Lord, forgive me, they will be forgiven." (Bukhari)

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

 

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