The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"The duaa of any worshipper will continue to be responded to, as long as he does not ask for a sin or breaking the ties of kinship, and as long as he is not hasty." It was asked, "O Messenger of Allaah, what does it mean to be hasty?" He responded: "A worshipper says, 'I have prayed and prayed, and I do not see that it will be accepted', so he gives up hope of being answered, and leaves duaa." (Muslim)
The above hadeeth mentions that asking for something haram, or asking for breaking the ties of kinship, is a factor that causes the duaa to be rejected. Also, a man married to an evil woman and one who gave a loan but did not take precautions, and a man who gave his money to a fool. These three categories of people are mentioned in the following hadeeth, narrated by Abu Musa al-Ash'ari: "Three people make duaa, but they will not be answered! (The first is) a man who had under him (in marriage) a woman who had an evil character, yet he did not divorce her. (The second is) a man who gave some money as a debt to another man, yet he did not use any witness. (The third is) a man who gave his money to a fool, even though Allaah says:
"And do not give fools your money." (Q4[Nisaa]:5)
So in this narration, we are informed of three categories of people who duaa is not responded to:
The first is a man who is married to a woman who has very lax morals. Such a woman might flirt with other men, and not guard her husband's honour and property in his absence. If this is the case, and the man cannot correct her, then she should be divorced, for it is possible that she might bring great shame to him and his household. If he does not divorce her, then he exposes himself to Allaah's anger, and his duaa are not responded to.
The second is a person who is not wise in giving loans. He gives loans to people that are not trustworthy, and on top of that, he does not take the necessary precautions, for it is advised that a person giving a loan ensures there are two witnesses to the transaction. This ensures that no dispute arises if the two parties disagree about the amount of the loan. So, if a person does not take these necessary precautions, then he only has himself to blame, and his duaa will not be responded to.
The third is a person who is not responsible with his money, and gives it to people who are not intelligent or wise in business dealings. He might enter into a contract with a business partner, or engage in buying and selling, with one who is foolish in these affairs. So once again, he only has himself to blame if this money is lost, and his duaa are not answered.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited