Glands in your body produce chemical messengers called hormones. Normal increases in the amounts of some of these hormones being produced trigger the Changes your body goes through during puberty. Puberty is the stage of your life when some physical development happens, menstrual periods in girls and growth of the private part and testicles in boys. One of the body changes that happen’s during puberty is a big increase in your rate of growth a growth spurt.
The higher levels of hormones in your body tell your bones to grow, grow, grow! When these changes happen before the age of 8 in girls or 9 in boys, its called precocious (say: pree-ko-shes) or early, puberty. At first, these kids may be taller than their friends. Later, however, they may stop growing sooner than most other kids do, and they may not become as tall when they’re adults as they might have been otherwise.
Usually, kids with precocious puberty can be treated with medications that help correct this problem. Delayed or late puberty occurs when the hormonal and body changes that should happen with puberty take place later than normal, or sometimes not at all. Girls who have not begun puberty by age 13 and boys who have not begun by age 15 have delayed puberty and are sometimes called late bloomers. When puberty finally occurs, either by itself or with treatment, these teens have a growth spurt and tend to catch up to their peers. Sometimes they even grow to be taller than their friends! Hormones and growth disorders one of the glands in your body is called the pituitary gland (say: peh-too-eh-ter-ee). It’s found at the bottom of your brain and is shaped like a peanut. It may be small in size, but it’s pretty big in importance.
One of the chemical messengers the pituitary gland sends out to your body is called growth hormone, which (no surprise) is essential for growth. When the pituitary gland doesn’t make enough growth hormone and sometimes other pituitary hormones as well the condition is called hypopituitarism (say: hi-popeh- too-eh-ter-is-em). This can slow down a kids growth. There are special tests to find out if children don’t produce enough growth hormone. If they don’t, daily shots of growth hormone can often help these kids grow to be normal-sized adults. Another gland that produces hormones important for growth is your thyroid (say: thi-royd).
You may be able to feel it if you press gently with your fingers across the front of your neck, just under your Adams apple. It is shaped like a butterfly and moves up and down when you swallow. Your thyroid makes a hormone called thyroxine (say: thirocks-in). If it makes too little, the condition is called hypothyroidism (say hi-po-thi-royd-isem). Having too little thyroxine makes a kid grow more Slowly. Doctors can do a simple blood test for hypothyroidism. If it’s needed, a kid can take the missing hormone as a pill.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited