ALBINISM: What Causes It?

You can't "catch" albinism, like you catch a cold or the flu. Its caused by a persons genes. You might have learned about genes in science class, but what exactly are they? Everyone's body is made up of billions of cells, which are too small to see without a strong microscope. Inside these cells are things called chromosomes, which contain hundreds, or even thousands, of genes. These genes give us our physical traits how we look and lots of other stuff about us, like the instructions our body parts need to work properly.

Genes carry the information that makes you an individual. Genes tell your body whether to give you curly or straight hair, long or short legs, or even brown or blue eyes. You might have heard people say you have eyes like your mom, hair like your dad, a smile like your grandma, or a laugh like your grandpa. Why? Because they passed some of their genes on to you! Everyone has two sets of genes. Half of your genes are from your dad, and half are from your mom.

Sometimes, a mom and a dad might carry an "albinism gene" but not show any signs of albinism themselves. But they might have a kid who has albinism. How can that be? Well, this happens because each parent has a normal pigment gene and an albinism gene. For a kid to have albinism, the dads albinism gene and the moms albinism gene both have to get passed on to the kid But if a kid gets an albinism gene from one parent and a normal pigment from the other , the kid won't have albinism .

Instead, the kid will be a CARRIER of an albinism gene which means he or she would have one normal pigment and one albinism gene. So , if the kid grows up and has a child with someone who is also a carrier of albinism gene, there would be a chance that their child might have albinism. So what about kids with light skin and light hairナ.or animals with white fur or feathers? Do they have albinism? Not necessary. Their genes may tell them to be light-skinned or fair headed , like their mom or dad.

Likewise , not all animals with white furs or feathers have albinism. Polar bear , for instance, have genes that tell them to be white. What's Life Like for Someone With Albinism? Kids with albinism are just like other kids they just need to talk to their doctor about taking care of their eyes and skin, especially if they are going to be in the sun. And albinism doesn't stop kids from achieving their goals. Lots of kids with albinism have grown up to be doctors , lawyers, musicians, and athletes. Most kids with albinism can be anything they want to be, just like any other kids! Kidshealth.org

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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