HEALTH MATTERS FOR TEENS

A skin condition characterized by red pimples on the skin especially on the face due to inflamed or infected sebaceous glands of the skin. It is very popular amongst teenagers and adults. Acne results from a. mixture of hereditary factors, hormones, and bacteria In individuals easily prone to it, it begins in the teen years. It is caused by overactive sebaceous glands, which are stimulated by the increase in the circulating level of male sex hormones that accompanies the onset of puberty.

There are different types of acne. The common acne, which occurs-on the face, shoulders, and upper trunk of adolescents, is probably the most prevalent of all skin problems that persist for along time. The most distinguished feature of this acne is the blackhead. It consists of a plug of sebum, cell waste, and microorganisms that fill up a hair follicle. They may be open, with their upper or visible portion being darkened by oxidation. Or they may be closed (i.e, not reaching the surface to be extruded), ill which case, they may be the starting points for pustules and deep Inflammatory lesions. It may become persistent because of the severity of the lesions. It may also disappear due to changes in climate or emotional stress. The severity of acne is divided generally into four grades. In grade I, blackheads may be scanty or excess with little or no Inflammation.

In grade II, they are intermingled with superficial pustules and papules. The lesions are ordinarily confined to the face and do not produce significant scarring, unless there has been continued scratching and picking. At this stage, topical (locally applied) medication is reasonably effective. Complete decrease is ordinarily seen within one to two years. In grades III and IV, the acne is characterized by blackheads and pustules and deeper inflamed nodules, which are thought to result from the rupture of the sebaceous duct as it tries to remove sebum and bacterial products into the skin tissue.

The lesions are likely to extend from the face to the neck and upper trunk and to produce a permanent scarring 0fthe skin. Methods of treatment vary from topical medication to sunlight and ultraviolet light, antibiotics, and hormones. In a high proportion of cases, however, the tendency is toward spontaneous cure over several months. Avoid using harsh cleansers and soaps, find out. your skin type and see a dermatologist for the type of medication that is appropriate for you.

Inflammation: When part of file body becomes swollen and painful due to all infection. Inflammatory: causing inflammation. Sebaceous: a gland or secretion related to oil or fats. Sebum: an oily secretion of the sebaceous gland. Pustule: a small blister or pimple on the skin containing pus. Lesion: a wound. Superficial: on the surface. Papule: a pimple that isnt producing pus. Pus: a thick yellowish fluid produced in all infected part of the body. Scar: a mark left on file skin where a wound was. Nodule: a small swelling.

DO YOU KNOW?

Vitamins are organic compounds that are essential for normal growth and nutrition. There are twelve types: vitamin B complex, (i.e. B1, B2, B6, B12), vitamins C,A,D,E,H,K , folic acid, and now we have vitamin p. Despite their extreme importance, the body canメt produce them so it must be taken in the diet. We can find them in vegetable, fruits, liver, fish e.t.c

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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