Fat person have a shorter life expectancy; they suffer earlier, more often, and more severely from a large number of diseases than do their normal weight counterparts. Obesity is also called CORPULENCE OR FATNESS it is an excessive accumulation of body fat, usually caused by the consumption of more calories than the body can use. The excess calories are then stored as fat. Overweight, if moderate, is not necessarily obesity, particularly in muscular or people with large bones.
In general, however, a body weight of 20 percent or more over the optimum tends to be associated with obesity. Although obesity may be as a result of heredity, there is also evidence that early feeding patterns imposed by the obese mother upon her children may play a major role in a cultural, rather than genetic, transmission of obesity from one generation to the next. More generally, the distinctive way of life of a nation and the individual’s behavioral and emotional reaction to it may contribute significantly to widespread obesity.
Among the rich populations, an abundant supply of readily available high-calorie foods and beverages, coupled with increasingly sedentary living habits that usually reduce caloric needs, can easily lead to overeating. The stresses and tensions of modern living also cause some individuals to turn to foods and alcoholic drinks for "relief." Obesity may be undesirable from the beauty sense, especially in parts of the world where slimness is the popular preference; it is also a serious medical problem.
The Risk Involved" Generally, fat persons have a shorter life expectancy; they suffer earlier, more often, and more severely from a large number of diseases than do their normal-weight counterparts. They are also more likely to die prematurely of gradually worsening diseases of the heart, arteries, and kidneys.
More die of accidents and diabetes, and more constitute poor surgical risks than persons with normal weight. Mental health is also affected; behavioural consequences of an fatty appearance, ranging from shyness and withdrawal to overly bold self-assertion, may be as a result of mental disorder.
Treatment: The treatment of obesity (fatness) has two main reasons: Removal of what causes it, which may be difficult if the causes are of emotional or psychological origin; And removal of surplus fat by reducing food intake. Return to normal body weight by reducing calorie intake is best done under medical supervision. Reducing diets that produce quick results without effort are of doubtful effectiveness in reducing body weight and keeping it down and most are actually harmful to health. Obesity is to be distinguished from overweight caused by edema (excess retention of fluids) as a result of various diseases.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited