POISONING [2]

 

TREATMENT

Poison in the stomach When a person has swallowed a poison, vomiting should be made to vomit quickly, unless the poison could cause further damage if vomited. Examples of substances that should not be vomited are sharp objects, petroleum products, and acids. If the person is very drowsy, unconscious, or having seizures, vomiting should not be induced because the person may choke. At a hospital, medical personnel use other techniques to clear the stomach of poisons. They may pump out the stomach by inserting a tube through the mouth or nose into the stomach and washing the stomach with water (gastric lavage). They may give activated charcoal through the stomach tube or may have the patient swallow it. This compound binds with a significant amount of the poison, preventing its absorption into the bloodstream. Poisonous Gas Anyone who has been exposed to a toxic gas should be removed from the area as quickly as possible, preferably into fresh air. Emergency medical personnel usually give oxygen to the victim as soon as they arrive.

Chemical Poison In chemical spills, all contaminated clothing, including shoes and socks, is usually removed immediately. The skin should be thoroughly washed and the eyes flushed with water if they have been exposed. Rescuers should be careful to avoid contaminating themselves. Fluids are usually passed [intravenously] through the vein to keep the poison victim well hydrated and to maintain urine production. Others Poisoning often requires additional treatment, depending on the symptoms and the substance ingested. A respirator may be needed if breathing stops, as may happen after an overdose of morphine, heroin, or barbiturates. The brain often swells after poisoning from sedatives, carbon monoxide, lead, or other chemicals that depress the nervous system. Poisoning can cause kidney failure, which may be severe enough to require dialysis.

 

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

 

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