DOES SUPPLICATION HAVE ANY EFFECT IN CHANGING WHAT IS WRITTEN FOR A PERSON BEFORE HE WAS CREATED?
Answer: There is no doubt that supplication has an effect on changing what is written, but this change was also written because of the supplication. So do not think that if you supplicate to Allaah that you are supplicating with something which was not written; rather the supplication is written, and what results from it is written. That is why we find that when a person recites a portion of the Quran over a sick person and he is cured, and in the story of the military expedition which the Prophet [peace and blessings be upon him] sent, they stayed as guests with a people, but they did not treat them hospitably, and it was decreed that a snake bit their leader, so they requested someone to recite something over him.
The companions [RA] imposed the condition that they should be paid for that, and they gave them a flock of sheep, so one of them went and recited Surat al-Fatiha over him, and the man who was bitten arose as if he had been freed from shackles, that is, as if he was a camel which had broken free from its tethering rope. Therefore the recitation had an effect in curing the sick person. So supplication has an effect, but it does not change what has been ordained, rather it is decreed because of it, and everything with Allaah is according to Qadar. Likewise all of the causes have an influence on the effects by Allaah's permission, so the causes are written and the effects are written.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited