Question: What are the conditions which must be met for a deed to be righteous and accepted by Allah.
Answer: Praise be to Allaah. What is meant in the aayah: "... who do righteous deeds ... " [al-Kahf ]8:21 is explained in other aayahs which indicate that a deed cannot be righteous unless it meets three conditions:
First condition: consistent 'with the Sunnah
It must be done in accordance with that which was brought by the Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam). Every action that goes against that which was brought by the Prophet (sallalahu'alayhi wa sallam) is not righteous, rather it is false. Allaah says:
"And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad) gives you. take it" (Q59[al-Hashr]:7)
Also, He says:
"He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad). has indeed obeyed A1laah"(Q4[al-Nisa'i:10)
"Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?"(Q42[al-Shoora]:21)
and there are many similar aayahs. .
Second condition: intention only for Allaah
The one who does it must be sincere in his intention towards Allaah. Allaah says:
"And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah. and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)"(Q98 [al-Bayyinah]:5)
Also, Allaah says:
"Say (O Muhammad): 'Verily, I am commanded to worship Allaah (Alone) 'by obeying Him and doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only. And I am commanded (this) in order that I may be the first of those who submit themselves to Allaah (in Islam) as Muslims:- Say (O Muhammad): 'Verily, if I disobey my Lord, I am afraid of the torment of a great Day.' Say (O Muhammad): 'Allaah Alone I worship by , doing religious deeds sincerely for His sake only (and not to show of and not to set up rivals with Him in worship).' So worship what you like besides Him'" (Q39[al-Zumar]:11-IS)
and there are many similar aayahs.
Third condition: faith and sound belief
It must be done on the basis of faith and sound belief, because the action is the roof and the belief faqeedah) is the foundation. Allaah says:
"Whoever works righteousness - whether male or female - while he (or she) is a true believer .. .' (QI6[al-NahI]:97)
So faith is described as the prerequisite for that. The concept of this prerequisite is explained in many places, such as when Allaah describes the actions of non-believers:
"And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners) did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of dust" (Q25[al-Furqaan]:23)
Further, Allaah says:
"their [disbelievers'1 deeds are like a mirage in a desert" (Q24 [al-Noor]:39)
"their [disbelievers' works are as ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day" (Q 14[lbraaheem]: 18)
and there are many similar aayahs as explained above.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited