Tawheed in the Quraan

Allaah says; "O mankind! Worship your Lord who created you and those who came before you, so that you might attain taqwaa. (He is) the One who made the earth a bed for you and the sky a mighty structure, and He sent water down from the sky. that brings forth many fruits for your provisions. So do not ascribe partners to Allaah while you have knowledge!" [Q 2: 21-22] Arent these the actions of Allaah, Most High and Magnificent? This is tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah. Allaah, Most Glorified and Exalted, mentions it here as a proof and something that leads to tawheedal-uloohiyyah. Just as He alone does these things, then no one other than Him deserves worship, rather this is a right that is purely and solely for Him, Most Glorified. He mentions two of the categories of tawheed in these verses.

Tawheedal-uloohiyyah is mentioned since it is the greatest thing sought from mankind, and tawheed ar ruboobiyyah is mentioned as a proof for it, and something that can not be separated from it. He orders all of mankind with the same order found in another verse [Q51 :56]; "And I have not created the Jinn nor mankind for any purpose other than worshipping Me." So He has informed us that these two great creations, the Jinn and mankind, have not been created for a purpose other than worshipping Allaah, singling Him out with tawheed al-uloohiyyah.

Then He forbade shirk in the last part of the verse [Q 2: 22]So do not ascribe partners to AIlaah while you have knowledge." . Meaning that you are not to perform a single act of worship for other than Allaah, while you know that no one shares in His Ruboobeeyyah, His Creation of the Heavens and the Earth, His sending of the rain, His causing the plants to grow forth, etc. Since you know that no one shared with Him in these affairs, then how could you worship someone along with Him?! Allaah, Most Glorified and Exalted, says [Q2:163]: "And your God is one God, there is no God except Him." This is tawheed al-uloohiyyah.

A god is something that is worshipped, so uloohiyyah is worship and complete love. The verse means that the one who rightfully deserves your worship is only one, there is no God except Him, there is none to be worshipped other than Him. Later in the verse, Allaah says [Q2:163]; "The Bestower of Mercy, the All-Merciful." This is something from tawheed alasmaa was-sifaat, as it contains proof for two of Allaah's Names, along with His Attribute of Mercy.

Allaah also says [2:164]: Verily in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships that sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water that Allaah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive with it after its death, and the many animals of all kinds scattered therein, and in the various winds, and in the clouds that are held between the sky and the earth, truly all of these are evidences for people of intellect." The verse above is about tawheed ar-ruboobiyyah.

Allaah mentions these things as proofs for His Right to be worshipped alone, as He called these things aayaat, meaning proofs and evidences for His Right to be worshipped alone. In these verses, all three categories of tawheed have been mentioned, and likewise you find them mentioned all throughout the rest of the Quraan.

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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