HUD (PBUH) of the Ancient Arabs

 

HUD’S (PBUH) BIODATA

Period in History: Prophet Hud (PBUH) came after Prophet Nuh (PBUH)

Place of Mission: He was sent to the Ad people in Arabia

Uniqueness: Sura al Hud, Chapter 11 of the Quran was named after Him.

Family: He was a descent of prophet Nuh (PBUH). His father was Aus, the son of Aram, the son of Sam, the son of Nuh (PBUH) (Yusuf Ali)

"Mankind was one single nation, and Allah sent messengers with glad tidings and warnings ... " (Q2:213) 

From the days of Adam, mankind had one religion which was of pure tawhid, when man abandoned tawhid, Allah sent Prophets to bring them back to It. Prophet Hud (PBUH) was one of such prophets and he was sent to an ancient Arab nation.                          

HIS MISSION: He was sent to his own people:  

"To the Ad people we sent Hud, one of their brethren ... (Q11:50). 

Prophet Hud (PBUH), was chosen because he was worthy of the trust as he himself confirmed: 

"1 am to you a messenger worthy of all trust" (Q26:125).

THE PEOPLE: The 'Ad people were an ancient Arab tribe and descendants of Nuh (PBUH). According to the Qur'an, they lived in Ahqaf (meaning winding sand-tracts) (Q46:21) surrounded by Hijaz, Yaman and Yamamali. From here they established a vast territory that extended to Iraq using the blessings. Allah bestowed on them. Such blessings as strength (Q7:69), knowledge, wealth, human resources, gardens, springs e.t.c. (Q26:.132-134)high skills in building (26:128-129). Inspite of all these they were ungrateful to Allah, rather they were boastful:

' ... who is superior to us in strength?" (41:15) 

they asked. They worshipped idols and spread tyranny across the land (Q11:52).

All these blessings deceived them and they disbelieved in the end of this world and the reality of life after death. One of the greatest injustices man can do to his own soul is to deny the life after death. And the Ad people were unjust to themselves (Q69:4) Hence Prophet Hud (PBUH) was sent to bring them back to the path of Allah.

HIS METHOD: Prophet Hud (PBUH) immediately set to work by preaching and trying to make them see reason. He was relentless in his job, calling his people to the worship of the One True God, Allah;

 O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other god but Him. You are only forgers" (Q11:50). 

Prophet Hud (PBUH) urged them to repent and guaranteed them of Allah's forgiveness:

 "And 0 my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him (in repentance) ... " (Q11:52)

Much as he tried, majority rejected him (Q26:139)Rather than reason with him they called him an imbecile and a liar 

"The leaders of the unbelievers among his people said: 'Ah! we see you are in folly! And we think you are a liar!'" (Q7:66). 

They disbelieved because he brought them no sign (Q11:53). Besides, they thought it unimaginable to abandon the religion of their ancestors (Q7: 70). When warned about the punishment of the Hereafter they boasted: 

"And we are not the ones to receive pains and chastisement" (Q26:138)

This Prophet of Allah still continued with his mission, appealing to, their conscience and reminding them of Allah’s blessings to them. Yet their arrogance made them stubborn and disregarded this message from their Creator. Prophet Hud (PBUH) warned them of a calamity if they remained heedless. This again they regarded as an empty threat, saying:

 "Have you come in order to turn us asidefrom our gods? Then bring upon us the (calamity) with which you do threaten us, if you are telling the truth! (Q46:22). 

Of course Allah destroyed them with a fierce windstorm. (Q41:16)

HIS LEGACY: As it is with all Prophets (PBUT) he was very confident, demonstrated fear for Allah and placed complete trust in Him.

He also exemplified humility when challenged by disbelievers about the corning of the calamity. Prophet Hud (PBUH) said: 

"The knowledge (of when it will come) is only with Allah ..." (Q46:23). 

Hence a Muslim is to be humble always and remember that all knowledge, power and might belong to Allah alone.

HUD (PBUH) & HIS PEOPLE

The 'Ad people disbelieved in life after death and their end was terrible. Allah says: 

Ad disbelieved in the judgment to come...as for the 'Ad, they were destroyed by a fierce roaring wind, which He imposed on them for seven long nights and eight long days so that you might see the people laid prostrate in it as if they were stumps of fallen down palm trees." (Q69:4-7)

History bears witness that whenever the belief in life after death is rejected collectively by a people inspite of the repeated warnings of the prophet, the whole group is punished by Allah in this world. The above verse is an example.

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

 

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