Muaadh ibn Jabal (may Allaah be pleased him), said: "I was riding with the Prophet upon a donkey and he said to me: Do you know the right of Allaah upon the slaves and the right of the slave upon Allaah? I said: Allaah and His Messenger know best. He said: The right of Allaah upon His slaves is that they should worship Him alone and not associate anything with Him, and the right of the slaves upon Allaah is that He will not punish the one who does not associate anything with Him. I said: O Messenger of Allaah should I not inform the people. He said: Do not inform them for they will depend on it. (Bukhaare)
The Reporter ofthe Hadeeth He is Muaadh bin Jabal bin Amr bin Aws AI-Ansaari AI-Khazrajee, Abu Abdur Rahmaan. He is a famous Companion., who witnessed the battle of Badr and that which occurred after it. He had the highest degree of knowledge, rulings and the Quraan. He died in the year 18H, in Shaam during the plague of Amwaas. The Meaning of the Hadeeth In this hadeeth the Messenger of Allaah explained the purpose for which Allaah created the creation, and it is to single out Allaah Alone for worship and to have sincerity towards Him.
For verily this is a great right to be" given only to Allaah, the Mighty Creator, the Bestower, the Beneficent. Similarly, the Noble Messenger explained the reward that the slaves would deserve from Allaah if they established this great obligation (sincerity of worship), namely that He would save them from the punishment of the Fire and admit them into the Blessed Gardens of Paradise. This matter makes a believer happy and he rejoices due to it. This is why Muaadh (may Allaah be pleased with him) said, seeking the permission of the Prophet: "Should I not inform the people."
However, the Messenger prohibited him from doing that, for the benefit of his ummah (nation) and from his love for them to do good deeds and those things that bring them closer to Allaah. This is so that they may compete in doing them and thus achieve a high rank with Allaah due to this eagerness, struggle and mutual rivalry. As opposed to this, if they refrained from the doing good deeds and trusted upon the like of this promise then they would miss much good and miss a great reward.
The Benefits of the Hadeeth
1) The virtue of the Prophets wisdom in teaching, since he began his teaching with a question so it would be fresh in the mind and understood better by the one he was teaching.
2) The hadeeth shows the humility of the Messenger of Allaah and his fine manners, since he was riding the donkey along with his companion who rode on his mount behind him.
3) The .hadeeth contains a clarification of the greatest of the rights of Allaah upon His slaves, and it is to establish Tawheed i.e single Him out Alone for worship.
4) The hadeeth shows the Grace of Allaah upon His slave since He grants the best of rewards to those who fulfill this right.
5) The hadeeth contains a recommendation. of informing the Muslim with that which pleases him.
6) The hadeeth contains fear of reliance upon the expansive Mercy ofAllaah, for this reliance harms many of those who are ignorant.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited