The second sitting and reciting the second Tashahhud are one of the Arkaan [sing. Rukn [pillars ] of Salaah. Some Muslims make some mistakes while doing them. The following points discuss some of them:
Reciting the statement: As-Salaamu Alaika [you] Ayyuha An-Naby in the Tashahhud: AI-Bukhaaree narrated in his Saheeh that Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him) said: "when you perform your Salaah, say [in Tashahhud ]: At- Tahiyyaatu Lillaah was -Salawaat AI-Tayyibaat. As-Salaamu Alaika Ayyuhaa An- Naby Warahmatullaahi Waa Barakaatuh ...
Commenting on this hadeeth, AI-Haafith Ibn Hajar said: Other narrations of the hadeeth bear different wording regarding time; during the Prophets (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him) presence amongst Muslims, they used to address him [saying Alaika (upon you)] but after his death one should use the third person pronoun [Alaan-Naby: Con the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him))]. In Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree. it was narrated from Abu Marnar from lbn Masud after reciting the hadeeth stating Tashahhud that he [Ibn Masud] said: we used to say this word] when he was still alive.
But after his death we say As Salaamu [peace be] that is Alaa An-Nabyy [upon the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him). This narration was also narrated by Abee Uwaanah in his Saheeh, through many narrations traced back to Abee Nuaim one of Al-Bukhaarees Shaikhs - who narrated the hadeeth in the following wording: When the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him) passed away, we used to say [in Tashahhud] As-Salaarnuu Alaa An-Naby (peace be upon the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him) without the word that is.
The same wording was narrated by lbn Abee Shaibah from Abee Nuaim. After relating this narration traced back La Abee Uwaanah: As-Subkee commented in his Sharhul Minhaai: If this narration is proved to be authentic, it clearly states that after the Prophets (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him) death, it is not an obligation on a Muslim to use the second person pronoun [Alaika, i.e. on you] in his Tashahhud: instead one should say: Alaa An-Naby [on the Prophet]. I (Ibn Haiar) believe that the narration is indeed authentic for which I found a strong supporting narration which runs as follows: Abdir Razzaaq said that Ibn Juraij told him from Ataa that the Sahaabah (Companions) used to say - during the Prophets (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him) life- As -Salaamuu Alaika Ayyuhan Nabyy. but after his death, they used to say: As-Salaamu Alan Naby.
This narration has an authentic chain of narrators. Ibn Hajar then continued: The apparent meaning of the narration is that the Sahaabah used to use the second person pronoun during the Prophets (peace and blessing of Allaah be on him) life but after his death, they used to use the third person pronoun ?As-Salaamu Alan Naby?
Editors note: This is the opinion of the book Akhtahu al-Musalleen Shaykh Mashhoor Hassan Ahl Salmaan. However, based on some other evidences reported from some Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), it is permissible to say "As-Salaamu Alaika Ayyuhaa An-Naby Warahmatullaahi Waa Barakaatuh.... And Allaah knows best
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited