We have mentioned in previous editions that Allaah is to be described with that with which He describes Himself - Glory be to Him, which includes what His Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) described Him with since he did that out of revelation from Him. Above the Heavens ... Allaah says of Himself:
"The Most Beneficent (AIlaah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne." (Q 20:5)
He also says,
"Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (AIlaah), will not cause the earth to sink with you, then behold it shakes (as in an earthquake)? Or do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (AIlaah), will not send against you a violent whirlwind?" (Q 67: 16-17).
From the verses and others in their meaning Allaah described Himself that He rose over the Mighty Throne and "He who is over the Heavens". Thus, the pious Predecessors are upon the fact that Allaah in His Essence Glory be to Him - is above the heavens and that "He rose above (Istawa) ... " without depicting how He rose or comparing it and without distorting the meaning or denying the fact that He rose as He said so "He rose above The Mighty throne" in a manner that suits His Majesty.
Muaawiyah bn al-Hakam as-Sulamee (RA) in a very lengthy narration was told by the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) to come with a slave girl he was to free and the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said to her, "Where is Allaah?" She said, "Above the heaven." He (peace and blessings be upon him) asked again, "Who am I?" She replied, "You are the Messenger of Allaah." He said, "Free her for she is a believer." (Muslim).
The hadeeth of the slave girl proves amongst others the permissibility of asking the question "Where is Allaah?" and how cardinal it is to the belief in Allaah by the Muslim that Allaah is above the heavens. Firauns Denial Nabiyy Moosah (peace be upon him) was sent to Firaun with clear signs to invite him to submission to Allaah, the Most High. Firaun denied the message and said:
"0 Haman! Build me a tower that I may arrive at the ways, the ways of the heavens, and I may look upon the Ilaah (Lord) of Moosah but verily, I think him to be a liar. "(Q 40: 36-37).
This is proof that Moosah (peace be upon him) had informed the arrogant Firaun that his Lord is above the heavens and so he (Firaun) sought to get to Him and requested that towers be built for that purpose. He denied the message of Moosah (peace be upon him) that Allaah was above the heavens thus his statement, "I think him to be a liar" Today also, so many of the people deny or distort the fact that The Most High is above the heavens.
They concoct that Allaah is in their rooms and on their roads! Far away from what He described himself with Glory be to Him and away from what His Messengers taught the people. So, He says,
"Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! And peace be on the Messengers! And all the praise and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)." (Q 37:180-182.)
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited