Question: I have observed in the Friday prayer, during the sitting of the Imaam between the two portions of the Khutbah, that some of the worshippers stand up and pray two Rakahs then they sit down. What is the ruling on this prayer? And is it permissible for a man to stand up and pray once he has sat down after entering the mosque?
Response: Alhamdulillah - The Praise is for Allaah and May His peace and blessing be upon His Messenger. The act of standing up to perform two rakah voluntary salaah in between the two parts of the sermon is what can be described as an innovation for those who do them deliberately without cause, such as lateness to the mosque. Surely, this prayer is not legislated. What is prescribed after the Imaam enters the mosque is for the people to listen to his Khutbah and follow their Imaam; and in between the two Khutbahs, they should wait for the Imaam to deliver the second Khutbah.
If they call upon Allaah between the two Khutbahs using any supplication they choose, it is good, because this is one of the two times on Friday when it is hoped that the supplication will be accepted and answered insha Allaah. The first one being the period between the sitting of the Imaam between the Khutbahs and the second one is towards the last hour on Friday.
Abu Muusaa al-Ashari (RA) narrated that Abdullah bin Umar (RA) said to me: "Did you hear anything from your father narrating something from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon him) about the time on Friday? I said: "Yes, I heard him say from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon him) (these words): "It is between the time when the Imaam sits down and the end of the prayer." (Muslim)
Indeed, there is a time on Friday when, if a Muslim worshipper stands in prayer and asks Allaah for anything, Allaah will give it to him. Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon him) talked about Friday and said: "There is a hour (of opportunity) on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from Allaah, then Allaah will definitely meet his demand." And he pointed out the shortness of that time with his hands. (Bukhari) (Response by Shaykh Ibn al-Uthaymeen with added notes)
Anas bin Malik (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon him) said: "Seek the time in which hope is placed on Friday from after the afternoon prayer till sunset." (Tirmidhi) Yes, a person may stand in prayer after he has sat down, in order to perform the two rakah voluntary prayer called Tahiyyatul - Masjid. This is the more so even when the Imaam has started giving his Khutbah.
However, it should be a light and brief prayer not a long and distractive one. Jaabir (RA) related that a man entered the mosque on the day of Jumuaah while the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) was giving the Khutbah and he (the man) sat down. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon him) said: "Have you prayed?" The man said: "No." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: "Rise and pray two light rakaah." (Bukhari).
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited