Question: What about one who is grinding grain, and something flies into the mouth as a result of that whilst he is fastinq?
Answer: Praise be to Allaah. That does not spoil his fast is valid, and his fast his still valid because when this happens it is not by their choice, and they did not mean for it to reach their stomach, I would like to take this opportunity to explain, that things which break a persons fast namely sexual intercourse, eating, drinking, etc. only do so if three conditions are met. That he knows (the ruling); If he does not know the ruling then it does not break his fast because Allaah says: "And there is no sin on you concerning that in which you made a mistake & Kept in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend (Q33:5) "and Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error" (Q2:286) And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said; My ummah is forgiven mistakes and forgetfulness and for What they are forced to do.(Ibn Majah).
The one who is ignorant is a mistake, and if he knew he would not have done that, so if he does something that breaks the fast out of ignorance, then he is not to blame and his fasts complete and is valid, whether he was ignorant concerning the ruling or the time. A similar case is when a person does something that breaks the fast, thinking that it does not break the fast. such as one who has cupping done, thinking that cupping does not break the fast. We would say to him, your fast is valid and you do not have to do anything. And there are other things which happen to a person not by his choice; so there is no blame on him and that does not break his fast, for the reasons we have mentioned. In conclusion, the things that break the fast do not break it unless three conditions are met:
1. he should know the ruling
2. he should not have forgotten that he is fasting .
3. he should be doing that by choice, And Allaah knows best, Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen vol. 1, p. 508 Ibn Uthaymeen vol. 1, p. 508
Enters the throat; does it break the fast? If you put the eye drops in during the day and then go to sleep, and do not know whether YOU swallowed it, what is the ruling?
Answer: Praise be to Allaah. The scholars differed concerning eye drops and whether you swallow it. The view favoured by Shaykh al-lslam Ibn Taymiya and by Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen, is that they do not break the fast, Shaykh ibn Uthaymeet said: shaykh al-lslam Ibn Taymiyah was of the view the kohl (antimony)does not break the fast ,not even if the taste of the kohl reaches the throat he said this not called food or drink, and it is not like food or drink and it does not have the same effect as food or drink. There is no saheeh hadeeth from the prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which expressly indicates that khol breaks the fast, and the basic principle is that it does not break the fast, AISharhal-Mumti. 6/382.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited