Question: On the night of the thirtieth of Sha'ban we went out to sight the crescent, but the weather was cloudy so we could not see it. Should we fast the thirtieth day of Sha'baan, because it is a day concerning which there is some doubt?
Praise be to Allaah. This is what is called the "day of doubt", because there is doubt concerning it - is it the last day of Sha'baan or the first day of Ramadaan? Fasting on this day is haraam because the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said,
"Fast when you see the new moon and break your fast when you se the new moon, and if you are not sure, then complete the number of Sha'baan as thirty days." (Bukhaari).
'Ammaar ibn Yaasir said:
"Whoever fasts on the day concerning which there is doubt has disobeyed Abu'l-Qaasim (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)." (Saheeh al-Tirmidhi)
Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said:
"It was understood from this that it is haraam to fast the day of doubt, because the Sahaabah would not say such a thing based on personal opinion, so a report such as this has the same status as a marfoo' hadeeth.
The scholars of the Standing Committee said concerning the day of doubt,
"The Sunnah indicates that it is haraam to fast this day." (Fataawa al-Lajnah, 10/ I I7)
Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Uthaymeen (RAH) said, after mentioning the difference of opinion concerning the ruling on fasting the day of doubt:
"The most correct of these views is that it is haraam, but if it is proven to the ruler that it is obligatory to fast this day and he commands the people to fast, then no one should go against his opinion, and that means that no one should show that he is not fasting on that day, rather a person (who has a different opinion) may not fast, but he should do so secretly." (AISharh al-Humti', 6/318.)
Can the Wife Lead the husband in Prayer?
Question: Who leads the prayer between husband and wife if the wife knows much more of the Quran than the man?
Praise be to Allaah. Ibn Hazm (RAH) said in his book Al-Muhallaa bi'I-Aathaar, 317:
"... It is not permissible for a woman to lead a man or men in prayer, and there is no dispute on this matter. Also, it has been reported that a woman invalidates a man's prayer if she passes in front of him... The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) also said:
"The imaam is a protection (or a shield)," and ruled that (women) behind men in prayer. The imaam should stand in front of the congregation or with them in the same row, as we have already mentioned. From these texts it is clear that it is not correct for a woman to lead a man or men in prayers." (al-Muhallaa, part 2, Salaat al-Jamaa'ah)
.'Ali ibn Sulaymaan al-Mardaawi al Hanbali (RAH) said:
"With regard to his saying 'It is not right for a woman to lead a man in prayer', and this applies whatever the case." (AI-Insaaf, part 2, Baab Salaat al-Jamaa'ah).
And Allaah knows best.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited