QUESTION: After the prayer, what is the proper order to do the following things, and are they to be done out loud or silently: supplications from the Sunnah; phrases of remembrance (adhkaar); recitation of the last three soorahs of the Quraan; recitation Aayah AI-Kursee.
ANSWER: What seems to be the proper order for these things is as follows:
I) When the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) finished his prayers, he started with his saying of "Astaghfirullaah" three times. (Muslim)
2) Then he would say "Allaahumma antas-Salaamu wa minkas-Salaam,tabaarakta yaa dhal-jalaali walikraam." (Muslim)
3) Then he would say the other reported supplications, like, "Laa ilaaha ill Allaah wa laa nabudu iIIaa iyyaah..."(Muslim)
4) Then he would commence making the tasbeehs, saying, "Subhaan Allaah," "Al-hamdu lillaah," and "Allaahu akbar," 33 times each. (Bukhari)
5) Then he would recite Aayah Al-Kursee, as it is what has been reported that he used to recite after each prayer. As for the recitation of Soorah Al-Ikhlaas,Soorah AI-Falaq. and Soorah An-Naas, then they are to be recited in the morning and in the evening only. It has not been authentically narrated, to the best of my knowledge that they were recited after each prayer. And Allaah knows best.
And as for the question, "Are these things to be said out loud or quietly?" It has been authentically reported from Ibn Abbaas (RA), as al-Bukhaaree reported, that he said they used to know when the Messengers prayer (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) was over due to the voices of the Companions making takbeer,meaning the supplications after the prayer. Imaam Ash-Shaafiee, may Allaah have mercy on him, said that this raising of their voices with takbeer after the prayer was only done sometimes, not always, and it was done to teach the people.
Imaam Ash-Shaafiee had warned that it is not for the Muslims to raise their voices with these phrases of dhikr and supplications, unless there is a need to teach them to the people. If the people are not in need of learning them, then the norm is that a person does not raise his voice, rather he says these things in a silent way so that he himself hears them. And Allaah knows best. [Editors Note: Imaarn Ahmad collected a narration mentioning that Uqbah ibn Aamir (RA) was ordered by the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) to recite the muawwithaat (the last three soorahs of the Quraan: Ikhlaas, Falaq, and Naas) after each prayer. Imaam Al-Albaanee declared it to be authentic in his checking of Shaykh AI-Islaams Al-Kalim At-Tayyib (p.114)].
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited