Abuu Hurairah (RA) once saw a man getting out of the mosque after the Mu'aththin had recited the 'Athaan, then said:
'This man has indeed disobeyed Abal Qaasim (i.e. the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him))'. [Muslim]
This ruling, Abu Hurayrah delivered, was born out from the Prophet's (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) hadeeth which states:
'When 'Athaan is being pronounced, Shaytaan takes to his heels [out of the mosque] and passes wind with noise during his flight so as not to hear the 'Athaan'. [Bukhari]
Accordingly, one must not leave the mosque when Athaan is being recited so as not to act like Shaytaan. Sa'eed Ibn AI-Musayyab (RA) said:
'It was said that whoever gets out of the mosque after the 'Athaan is recited is a Munaafiq [hypocrite] save the one who does so for a dire need'. [Muwatta']
Sa'eed must have heard something of the like from one of the Companions (RA) who never delivered such rulings from their own judgement. Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
'Whoever hears the 'Athaan in the mosque then leaves it, is a hypocrite except he who leaves for a dire need and intends to return back to it'. [fabaraanee]
Commenting on Abu Hurayrah's (RA) statement, i.e. 'this man has indeed disobeyed Abal Qaasim', An-Nawawee said:
'The hadeeth indicates that leaving the mosque after the 'Athaan is recited is a detested act except leaving it for a certain necessity. One must not leave the mosque after the 'Athaan is recited till he joins the congregation their Salaah.
Allaah knows best'.
Abuu Hurayrah's (RA) narration addresses whoever leaves the mosque without having the need to do so, unlike the one whose Wuduu' is invalidated, the one who needs to answer the call of nature, gets nose bleeding, or the like. So is the case with the one who is an Imaam in another mosque. Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) once got out of his room after the Iqaamah had been recited and the rows had been straightened. Having stood in his place, and we all waited for him to pronounce Takbeer, he ordered us to stay where we were and left the mosque. We stayed in our places till he came back with drops of water drippling down from his head due to doing Ghusl. [Bukhari]
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited