Is there such a thing as a prayer of thanks? Is there a prayer of repentance?
I do not know of any prayer called a prayer of thanks. There are narrations about a prostration of thanks and about a prayer of repentance. As for the prayer of repentance, it is preferred for a person who commits a sin to pray two units of prayer and make true repentance to Allah. This is called the repentance prayer. The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "Whenever a servant commits a sin, then makes a proper wudu and prays two units of prayer and repents to Allah from that sin, Allah will accept his repentance." (Musnad Ahmad)
If a person receives good news, such as the birth of a new baby or glad tidings of victory for the Muslims, then he may prostrate to Allah in thanks. This prostration is similar to the one performed in prayer. In such a prostration one may say: Subhan Rabbi al-Ala, offer supplications, and praise Allah for the good news that he has received. When the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) heard good news, he used to prostrate in gratitude to Allah. Abu Bakr (RA) also prostrated when he learned that the false prophet Musaylimah al Kadhdhaab (Musaylimah the impostor) had been killed in battle.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited