The Recommended (sunan) Acts Related To Ablution
1. Using the tooth stick
Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"If it were not to be a hardship on my Nation, I would order them to use the toothstick when making every ablution."(Saheeh aljami).
2. Washing the hands three times at the beginning of the ablution
This is confirmed in the narration from 'Uthman in which he was describing the ablution of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), wherein he washed his hands three times. (Bukhari, Muslim)
3. Combining together the rinsing of the mouth and the nose three times, each time with one handful of water
In the hadith of 'Abdullah ibn Zayd in which he was teaching the ablution of the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), he stated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would rinse his mouth and nose from one handful of water and he would do such rinsing three times" (Mukhtasar Saheeh Muslim)
4. To rinse extensively unless one is fasting
The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"(In ablution) you should put water well up your nose, unless you are fasting." (Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood)
5. Starting with the right before the left side:
A'ishah (RA) stated, ''The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would like to begin with the right in putting on his shoes, combing his hair, acts of purification and in all of his affairs. (Bukhari, Muslim) Furthermore, in the hadith of 'Uthman in which he described the ablution of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), he mentioned that he washed the right side first and then the left. (Bukhari, Muslim)
6. Rubbing the forearm
Abdullah ibn Zayd narrated:
"The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) was brought two-thirds of a mudd of water and he started to rub his forearms." (Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah)
A mudd is equivalent to what a person with average sized hands holds with his hands cupped together to what a person with average sized hands holds with his hands cupped together.
7. Washing each part three times
In the hadith of 'Uthman (RA), he stated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) washed each part three times. However, it is also verified that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would wash each part only once or twice. (Saheeh SunanAbi Dawood)
It is also recommended to sometimes wipe the head more than once. This is because it has been authentically narrated from 'Uthman that he wiped his head three times and said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) make ablution like this."
8. The proper order while making ablution The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would usually perform the ablution in the known order. However, it has also been authentically narrated from al- Miqdam ibn Ma'ad Yakrib (RA) who said:
"The Messenger of Allah was brought water and he made ablution. He washed his hands three times and then rinsed his mouth and his nose three times and then washed his face three times and then washed his forearms three times and then wiped his head and his ears, the outside and inside of them."
9. Supplications afterwards: The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "
None of you makes ablution and completes the ablution properly and then says, 'I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except AlIaah and that Muhammad is the servant of Allah and His Messenger; except that the eight gates of Paradise will be opened for him and he enters from any he wishes." (Muslim)
Tirmidhi's narration adds to say, "O Allaah, make me from those who repent and make me from those who purify themselves.”
Abu Sa'eed narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"Whoever makes ablution and then says, 'Perfect and Exalted are You, 0 Allah, and with Your praise. There is none worthy of worship except You. I seek-Your forgiveness and repent to You,' it will be written for him on a white scroll and sealed with a seal that will not be broken until the Day of Resurrection." (Haakim)
10. Performing two units (rak'ahs) of prayer afterwards:
After explaining the manner of the Prophet's ablution. 'Uthman said. "I saw the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) performing ablution like this ablution of mine. And the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: 'Whoever makes ablution like this ablution of mine and then stands and prays two units (rak 'ahs) of prayer with no other thoughts coming to his mind, then his previous sins will be forgiven.” (Bukhari)
Abu Hurayrah also narrated: "The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said to Bilal at the time of the Morning Prayer,
'Inform me of a deed you performed in Islam concerning which you have the most hope for as I heard your footsteps in front of me in Paradise.' He replied, 'There is no deed concerning which I am more hopeful except that I never purify myself during the night or day but that I pray with that purification whatever has been recorded for me to pray.” (Bukhari)
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited