Ruling on collecting money for reciting the Qur'an

Question:

Some of those who memorize the Qur'an In Morocco, earn their living by reciting lt. Whenever there is a ceremony they attend to read the Qur'an without contemplating  its meaning nor respecting its recitation. Thereafter, they collect money and charitable gifts from people who seek their blessing. After collecting these gifts, they divide it amongst themselves. What is the ruling of Islamic law on this? And what is the meaning of the following verses: "Say. "I do not ask you for  a reward ."?(Q38[Sod]:86)

Answer:

First. the recitation of the Qur'an is a religious ritual, and a means of seeking nearness to Allaah. The Muslim is supposed to fulfill these rituals for the sake of Allaah, and His reward. One should not expect a reward or apprec1abon from fellow humans. It was never reported that the pious predecessors (salafus -saalih)  hired someone to read Qur'an in their parties    Nor was it reported that the scholars ordered or even permitted it Nor was it reported that one of them charged money for reciting  the  Qur'an  neither  in  joyful  occasion  nor otherwise. Rather, they read the Book of Allaah being desirous of what He has prepared for them.

The Prophet (sallaahu alayhi wa sallam) ordered the reader of the Qur'an to ask Allaah by iand warned him against begging Tirmidhl narrated in his Sunan that Imran bin Husain (RA) passed by a preacher, who after he finished preaching started begging. 'lmran said: I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: 

Whoever recites the Qur'an should petition Allaah by it, for there will come a people who will recite the Qur'an and then ask the people (for money for it). (Ahmad)

As for taking money for teaching it, or reading it for healing or for the purpose of benefiting others (all of these) is permissible according to authentic Hadiths Of such is the Hadith of Abu  Said (RA) when he took a herd  of sheep  for  healing  somebody  by  reciting  Suratul  A­ Fatihah    And the Hadith of Sahl (RA) when the Prophet married a man to a woman and considered her dowry teaching her the Qur'an chapters the man memorized. Therefore,  he who  charges  money  for  reciting  the Qur'an, or hires people to do so, opposes the consensus of  the  Pious Predecessors may Allaah  grant  them mercy.

Second

The Qur'an is  the speech of Allaah  its superiority over the human's speech is like the superiority of Allaah over His creatures It IS the best formula of remembrance. He who recites it must observe its recitation's etiquette. that is to listen quietly, and contemplate its meaning, and do not disturb the listeners. Allaah says:

"When the Qur'an Is being read, listen and keep silent that you may be granted mercy. And remember you Lord in your mind with humility and fear; not with loud voice in the morning and evening, and be not of the heedless.(Q7[AI·A 'raf]:204-205)

Third

People  are  of  different  levels  of  minds  and understanding Every responsible Muslim must know what is necessary m the religion and the lslamic rulings according to the ability to understand, and time availability, for himself to apply and to teach others. The very first thing one must understand and care for is the Book of Allaah. Whatever he does not understand from it, he should seek the help of Allaah then consult the scholars, for Allaah does not overburden a slave beyond his capacity.

Being unable to understand the Qur'an after trying his best, he should not stop from reading it. for then there would no blame on him. The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"He who is expert in reciting the Qur'an will be in the company of honourable, obedient angels, while he who reads the Qur'an with difficulty shall have double reward. (Muslim)

Fourth

It is permissible for a poor person to take from charity that which suffices him and his dependants, but if he  is charging money for reading the Qur'an, or preaching, or giving such monies for the hope of receiving blessings, or for asking them to supplicate for him is not permissible. This was not the practice of the Muslims during the first three generations for whom the Prophet (salalahu alayhi wasallam) vouched for their merits and excellence.

Fifth

The meaning of "say, I do not ask you a reward," (Q25[Al-Furqan]:57):   Allaah   commanded   His Messenger Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) to tell his people that he is not seeking rewards or money f r conveying to them what was revealed to h1m from h1s Lord, and his calling them to worship Allaah alone, and the rest of Islamic laws. Rather, he was commissioned with the role of delivering and clarifying the obeying of his Lord, seeking His pleasure, and expecting reward from him alone. Thus to eliminate from the minds of the polytheists the suspicion that the Prophet (sallalaahu alayhi wa sallam) called them to follow him coveting for wealth or position, he clarified that he invited them to the truth purely for the sake of Allaah. This was the case of all the Messengers, may Allaah exalt their mention. They never asked for reward from people for preaching them.

As for the question about the punishment for doing so, such person will come on the Day of Resurrection without flesh on his face. This is certainly a severe threat served to anyone who begs for no valid reason, whether by reading the Qur'an or otherwise. 'Abdullah bin 'Umar reported that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

one of you would keep begging until he meets Allaah without a piece of flesh on his face.(Muslim)

In another version he said:

one would keep begging so that on the Day of Resurrection he would come without a piece of flesh on his face.(Bukhari)

Abu Hurairah (RA) said that the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"Whoever asks (begs) from people to increase his wealth, he in fact would be asking for five coal. So let him take more fire or less. (Muslim)

So whoever asks people by the Qur'an, the Hadith of 'lmran bin Husain (RA) applies to him if he is poor. But if he is rich then all the threatening of the above-mentioned Hadith applies to him.  And Allaah knows best.

QUESTION

1 heard a lecturer say that one of the signs of the last days was that the Quran would disappear. Is this true And how could it be true why we have many hafidh [people who have committed the entire Qur'an to memory] of Quran

Answer (slightly edited]: Praise be to Allaah. Allaah revealed the Qur'aan as guidance to mankind and He guaranteed to protect it. It is the eternal miracle of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and it will remain and people of earlier and later generations will learn from it and be guided by it but at the end  of time just before the Hour comes  Allaah will take the souls of the believers ,and there will be no one left on earth except the most evil of people. There will be no prayer, no fasting, no Hajj an? no charity (zakaah) Then there will be no po1nt in the Ka'bah being there or tn the Qur'aan remaining among mankind so Allaah will decree that the Ka'bah be destroyed at the hands of a kaafir from Ethiopia. (Bukhari)

Then Allaah will take the Qur'aan away from the earth, and not one verse of it will be left in the mus-hafs (paper or hard copy) or in people's hearts. Allaah will not permit His Book to remain on earth if it is not benefiting anyone and no one is acting in accordance with it There are a number of ahaadeeth which indicate that the Qur'aan will be taken away at the end of time. Among these ahaadeeth are the following:

From  'Abd-AIIaah   ibn   Mas'ood  {RA),  who   said:

"Something will come and take the Qur'aan one night and not one aayah will be left, either in the Mus-haf or to heart of any person, but it will be taken away. (Daarimi #3209/saheeh) AI-Daarimi narrated with a different saheeh isnaad (authentic chain) that 'Abd-Allaah bin Mas'ood (RA) said:

"Recite the Qur'aan much before it IS taken away." They said, "These Mus-hafs will be taken away! What about that which is (memorized) in men's hearts?" He said: "Something will come and take it one night, and in the morning they will wake up without it. They will forget the phrase 'laa ilaaha il1-AIlaah' and they will start to recite the sayings and poetry of the Jaahiliyyah [lgnorance]. That is when the Word will be fulfilled against them." [#3207]

The phrase 'That is when the Word will be fulfilled against them' is a reference to the verse:

"And when the Word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast for them, to speak to them because mankind believed not with certainty in Our Ayaat (signs, verses etc}" (Q27(an-Naml]:82)

Ibn Katheer said in h1s tafseer [explanation] of this verse 'This beast will emerge at the end of time when mankind becomes so corrupt  that they neglect the commandments of Allaah and change the true religion. Allaah will bring forth for them a beast from the earth - it was said from Makkah, or from elsewhere - and it will speak to the people concerning that. According to one report. Ibn'Abbaas said· the words tuka/limuhum mean, 1t will wound them; according to another report he said it will do both (i.e., speak to them and wound them) The word Tukalim may mean either speak or wound and there are no contradictions. [#3/375-378]

Many ahaadeeth and reports have been·narrated about the beast. Of them, Hudhayfah ibn Usayd ai-Ghiffaari (RA} said:The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhi wa sal/am} saw us from a room whilst we were talking about the Hour.He said:

"The Hour will not come until you see ten signs: the rising of the sun from the west; the smoke; the beast; the emergence  of  Yajooj and  Majooj'  the appearance of 'Eesaa ibn Maryam (alayhi salaam); the Dajjaal ("antichrist")· three landslides- one in the west, one in the east and one in the Arabian Peninsula; and fire which will emerge from the direction of 'Aden and will drive  - or  gather  -  the  people,  stopping   with  them whenever they rest overnight or during the siesta hour. (Ahmad&Muslim)

Ibn Mas'ood (RA) gives further evidence that the Qur'aan will be taken away at the end of time: "This Qur'aan will most certainly betaken away from amongst you.• He was asked: ·o Abu 'Abd ai-Rahmaan , how will it be taken away when it is so deeply rooted in our hearts and is written in our mus-hafs?" He said: •something will come to it at night, then there will be nothing left of it in people's hearts or in the mus-haf, and the next morning the people will be like animals.• Then he recited the aayah:

"And if We willed, We could surety, take away that which We have revealed to you (i.e. this Qur'aan). Then  you would find no protector for you against Us in that respect" (Q17{al­ fsraa1:86). (Tabaraani in ai-Mu)am ai-Kabeer, # 8698.

This report stops at a companion [mawqoo but can be raised to the Prophet [marl'oo'], because it deals with something which is not subject to opinion)

So this thing will coma to pass. This frightening event 'makes the sincere Muslim hasten to pay attention to the Book of Allaah , to  learn it, memorize  it, recite it and ponder its meanings, before the Book is taken away. This is one of the tribulations that will happen concerning which our Prophet (sallallahu aleehi wa sallam) said

: "Hasten to do good deeds before tribulations come like patches of dark night. when a man will wake up as a believer and by evening he will be a kaafir, or in the evening he will be a believer and by morning he will be a kaafir, selling his religion for some worldly gains (Muslim)

We ask Allaah to make us adhere firmly to his religion and to protect us from tribulations

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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