Question: Is it true that if Arafah falls on a Friday when Jumuah prayer is held, it is equivalent to seven Hajjs? Answer: Praise be to Allaah. First: We do not know of any hadeeth which says that if Arafah falls on a Friday then Hajj in that year is equivalent to seven Hajjs, rather what is narrated is "seventy Hajjs" or "seventy-two Hajjs", but neither of them is saheeh anyway.
The former was narrated in a hadeeth, but it is false and is not saheeh. As for the latter, we could not find any isnaad (chain) or rnatn (text) for it, so it has no basis. The text of the hadeeth that has been narrated is: The best of days is the day of Arafah, if it falls on a Friday, and it is better than seventy Hajjs on a day other than Friday." The imams judged this hadeeth to be false and not saheeh:
1.lbn al-Qayyim (RAH) said: "As for that which is commonly spoken of among the common folk, that it is equivalent to seventy-two Hajjs, this is false and there is no basis for it (in any report) from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) or from any of the Sahaabah or Taabieen, and Allaah knows best. [Zaad al-Maaad (1/65)].
2. Shaykh al-Albaani (RAH) said in al-Silsilah al-Daeefah (207) after ruling that the hadeeth is false and has no basis- : "As for the view of al-Zaylai - according to what it says in Haashiyat Ibn Aabideen (2/348): It was narrated by Razeen ibn Muaawiyah in Tajreed al-Sihaah, it should be noted that this book of Razeens is a compilation of the six books of Sunnah, al-Saheehayn, the Muwattaof Maalik, Sunan Abi Dawood, al-Nasaai and al-Tirrnidhi - similar to the book of Ibn al-Atheer entitled Jaamial-Usool min Ahaadeeth al-Rasool, but in al-Tajreed there are many ahaadeeth for which there is no basis in any of these sources. That is also known from what the scholars have narrated from him, such as al-Mundhiri in al-Targheeb wal-Tarheeb, and this hadeeth is of that type; there is no basis for it in these books, or in any other well known book of hadeeth. In fact, the great scholar Ibn al-Qayyim stated in al-Zaad (1/17) that it is false.
After discussing the merit of Arafah coinciding with Friday in ten ways that he mentioned, he said: As for that which is commonly spoken of among the common folk, that it is equivalent to seventy-two Hajjs, this is false and there is no basis for it (in any report) from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) or from any of the Sahaabah or Taabieen.
This was supported by al-Manaawi in Fayd al-Qadeer (2/28), then by Ibn Aabideen in al-Haashiyah. End quote. In al-Sllsilah al-Daeefah (3144) it says: "A1-Haafiz said in al-Fath (8/204), after quoting it from Razeen in al-Jaamiand noting that he attributed it to the Prophet (salallaahu alayhi wa sallaam): I do not know whether it is valid or not, because he did not mention the Sahaabi who narrated it or anyone who transmitted it. Al-Haafiz ibn Naasir al-Deen al-Dimashqi said in Fadl Yawm Arafah: "The hadeeth "If the day of Arafah falls, on a Friday, it is equivalent to twenty two Hajjs" is a false hadeeth and is not saheeh. ~ Similarly the report narrated from Zurr ibn Hubaysh, that it is better than seventy Hajjs on a day other than Friday" is not proven".
3. Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen (RAH) was asked: Is there anything narrated from the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) about the virtue of Hajj being on a Friday? He replied: "There is nothing narrated from the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) about there being any special virtue in the Day of Arafah falling on a Friday, but the scholars said that if it happens to fall on a Friday, that is a good thing.
First - because it means that the Hajj is like the Hajj of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam), as the Prophets standing in Arafah happened to be on a Friday. Second - because on Friday there is a hour when no Muslim slave stands to pray and asks his Lord for something but He will grant it to him, so that is more likely to be answered. Third - The Day of Arafah is an Eid and Friday is an Eid, so if the two Eids come together, that is a good thing. As for the commonly-held view that Hajj on a Friday is equivalent to seventy Hajjs, that is not correct [Al-liqaal-Shahriyyah,34].
4. The scholars of the Standing Committee were asked: "Some people say that if the Day of Arafah happens fall on a Friday, as it does this year, it will be like doing seven Hajjs. Is there any evidence from the Sunnah for that"? They replied: There is no saheeh evidence for that. Some people claim that it is equivalent to seventy Hajjs, or seventy-two, but that is not correct either. [Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaimah (11/210, 211)]. See also: Fath al-Baari (8/271); Tuhfatal-Ahwadhi (4/27)
Hanafis & Shaafiees
Secondly: Perhaps the reason why this view is so widely held among people is because it is mentioned in the books of the Hanafis and Shaaflees, The Hanafis said: "If Arafah falls on a Friday it has the virtue of seventy Hajjs and all the people will be forgiven with no intermediary". And they said: "The best of days is the day of Arafah, if it falls on a Friday, and it is better than seventy Hajjs on a day other than Friday". [Radd al-Muhtaar ala al-Durr al-Mukhtaar, 2/621] And the Shaafiees said: "It was said that if the Day of Arafah falls on a Friday, Allaah will forgive all the people in the place of standing, with no intermediary, and on a day other than Friday they will be forgiven with an intermediary i.e., it will be granted to the sinners because of the doers of good".[Mughnial-Muhtaa](1/497)].
Special Merits Of Friday Hajj Third: The fact that this hadeeth is false does not mean that there is no special merit in the Day of Arafah falling on a Friday, rather Ibn al-Qayyim (RAH) mentioned ten special merits thereof, which we will quote here because they are of great benefit. He said: "The correct view is that Friday is the best day of the week and the day of Arafah and the day of Sacrifice are the best days of the year, as are Laylat al-Qadr and the night before Friday. Hence if the day of Arafah falls on a Friday, it is superior to all the other days in several ways:
1- Coincidence of two days that are the best of days.
2- It is a day in which there is an hour when prayers are answered. Most (scholars) are of the view that it is the last hour after Asr, and the people in the place of standing are all there to offer duaaand beseech Allaah.
3- It falls on the same day that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) did Hajj.
4- People all over the world gather there to listen tothe khutbah and pray Jumuah, and that coincides with the gathering of the people of Arafah on the day of Arafah in Arafah, So the Muslimsgathering in their mosques and their standing to offer duaaand beseech Allaah coincide in a way that does not happen on any other day.
5- Friday is an Eid, and the day of Arafah is an Eid for the people in Arafah, hence it is makrooh for those who are in Arafah to fast on this day. Our Shaykh - i.e., Ibn Taymiyah - said: The day ofArafah is only an Eid for those who are in Arafah because they are gathered there, unlike the people in other regions, who only gather on the Day of Sacrifice. So it is an Eid for them. What is meant is that if the day of Arafah falls on a Friday, it is two Eids in one.
6- It coincides with the day when Allaah perfected His religion for His believing slaves and completed His favour upon them, as it is proven in Saheeh al-Bukhaari that Taariq ibn Shihaab said: A Jew came to Umar ibn al-Khattaab and said: O Ameer al-Mumineen, there is averse which you read in your Book; if it had been revealed to us Jews and we knew the day on which it was revealed, we would have taken it as a festival. He said: Which verse is that? He said: "This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion" (Q5[al-Maaidah]:3).
Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: I know the day which it was revealed, and the place in which it was revealed. It was revealed to the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sal/aam) in Arafah, on a Friday, when we were standing with him in Arafah.
7- It coincides with the day of the greatest gathering and the great standing of the Day of Resurrection, for the Day of Resurrection will take place on a Friday as the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallaam) said: "The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. On it Adam was created. on it he was admitted to Paradise, on it he was expelled there from, and on it the Hour will begin. On that day there is an hour when no Muslim slave asks Allaah for something good but He will grant it to him.
8- An act of worship or obedience done by the Muslims on Friday or the night before Friday are more than those done on other days, because even evildoers respect Friday and the night before it, and they think that if a person dares to commit sin at that time, Allaah will hasten his punishment and will not give him respite. This is something that is well established in their minds and they know it by experience, because of the great honour that this day has before Allaah, and because He chose it out of all other days, and undoubtedly standing in Arafah on this day is better than on any other day.
9- It coincides with the day when Allaah gives people more in Paradise, which is a Friday. So if Arafah falls on that day, it is extra special and enjoys a virtue that is not shared by any other day.
10- The Lord, may He be blessed and exalted, draws close to the people in the place of standing in the afternoon of the day of Arafah; then He boasts of them before the angels. For these reasons and others, Friday is superior to other days.
But as for that which is commonly spoken of among the common folk, that it is equivalent to seventy-two Hajjs, this is false and there is no basis for it (in any report) from the Messenger of Allaah or from any of the Sahaabah or Taabieen. And Allaah knows best. [Zaad al-Maaad (1/60-65)]. And Allaah knows best.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited