How many types of sins do we have?

I heard in a lecture that there are two types of sins namely: the one that is committed directly to Allaah and the one committed against fellow human beings. It was said that sins against Allaah can be forgiven but not the ones done against other people! Why? I would be most grateful if my questions are answered. Masud. A. Popoola. No 14 Folarin street, off ltire road, Idi- Araba Mushin Lagos.

Sins are indeed of two types namely the major sins and the minor sins. The major sins are those on which there is:

1} a curse (lian) from Allaah and from the tongue of His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) upon those who engage in it,

2} the threat of punishment of hell fire or meeting with Allaahs Wrath in the hereafter such as pride and arrogance, those who take Riba (interest) etc

3} or a prescribed punishment in this world (Hudud) for any who is caught or confesses to any of these sins such as Zina (fornication and adultery), theft e.t.c.

As for the minor sins, they include all forms of disobedience to Allaah and His Prophet but these sins have not been chained to any form of punishment whatsoever except as Allaah wills. If He wills, He forgives you and if He wills, He takes you to account for it.

These are the sins expiated while performing ablution and the five obligatory salawaat (prayers), from one Friday to the next, and from Ramadan to another Ramadan. The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:

"The five daily prayers, the Friday prayer to another Friday prayer, the Ramadan to another Ramadan are ations of what is en them (of sins) as long as the great sins are avoided."(Muslim}.

Forgiveness for a major sin is sought by sincere repentance and its of two kinds.

A} Sincere repentance from a sin that has to do with disobedience to Allaah alone without the right of another man being involved: It has three conditions. It is to turn away from the acts of disobedience, feeling remorse for the sin committed in the past and having a firm conviction not to return to perform any sin for the rest of one’s life.

This we have been enjoined to do often. Allaah says:

"O you who believe! Repent sincerely to Allaah ... " (Q66:7) 


"And seek the forgiveness of your Lord, then repent (of your sins) to Him .. (Q11:3).

Narrated AbuDharr (RA): Allaah Messenger (peace and blessing be upon him) said to him, "

Fear Allah wherever you are, if you follow an evil deed with a good one you will obliterate it; and deal with people with a good disposition. (Tirmidhi) 

b} If the sin has to do with the right of a fellow human, then as a fourth condition it must be returned e.g. money or the damage rectified e.g. to his honour before his repentance can be considered sound and sincere. Not fulfilling one of these conditions nullifies your repentance except in a case e.g. backbiting and slander where informing the affected person will cause more harm than good. And Allaah knows best.

I have Christian girl-friends but I intend marriage! Ever since I have been having lovers, I only meet with Muslim sisters that has changed to Christian. In fact, the one I want to marry now is a Muslim by birth but she has changed to Christian and I really love her. Please give me prayers that I will be doing in other to change her back to Islaam, though she has promised to change, so far she has not done so. Name and address with-held, 

May Allaah save us from the evils of our souls and from the evil of our handiwork. Keeping relations with the opposite sex who are not your mahram (relatives forbidden to you in marriage) is haraam.

Taking them as girl friends and engaging in illegal sexual relationship with them is even worse and will earn you Allaah wrath and punishment. Your relationship with this girl is forbidden and no good can come out of it. You must also know that it is not permissible for you to marry this girl because she is an apostate. May Allaah guide her back to Islam. If you intend marriage, then marry a true and devout Muslim woman, so that you may be successful in this life and the next.


This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited


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