Should a muslim seek wealth?

Allaah has made wealth (in all its forms) attractive to human nature. Thus every man inclines to have wealth. Allaah says: 

"Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet, women and sons, heaped-up hoards of gold and silver, horses branded (for blood and excellence),and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this worlds life; but in nearness of Allaah is the best of the goals (to return to)" (Q3[Aal-lmran]:14).

Seeking wealth and seeking to increase it is permissible in Islaam. This is why legitimate work and trade are considered a significant aspect of a believers good deeds. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa salam) said:

"The seeking of a halaal earning is the (next) Fardh (duty) after the Fardh (Salat)." (Baihaqqi). When a Muslim earns wealth through halaal means and spends them in accordance with the guidance of AlIaah and His Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), such wealth becomes an aid to attaining the pleasure of Allaah, which is the object of entire human existence.

Rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"Wealth is an object of pleasure. Wealth acquired in a rightful way (in accordance with the Shariah) and spent in a rightful way will be an aid for its owner. (Bukhari) In seeking wealth and an increase in it, three basic principles should be sufficiently internalized: Wealth is granted by Allaah Wealth is part of the provisions of Allaah. He alone grants it:

"Allaah increases the provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom He wills)." (Q13[Rad}:26)

One who seeks wealth or its increase can only seek its means, the final decision on who, when the desired will be attained and in what measure belongs to Allaah alone. When the kufaar of Makkah wished that the Quran was revealed to a wealthy man rather than Muhammad (salallahu alayhi wa sallam): "And they say: "Why is not this Quran sent down to some great man of the two towns (Makkah and Taif)?" Allaah replies:

"Is it they who would portion out the Mercy of your Lord? It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in this world, and We raised some of them above others in ranks, so that some may employ others in their work. But the Mercy (Paradise) of your Lord (Oh Muhammad) is better than the (wealth of this world) which they amass." (Q43[Zukhruf]:31-32)

This realization will impel one to seek wealth through His obedience. Wealth is attained in three broad ways: kathratul-maal (multiplication of assets); ghiyaabul fakr (absence of poverty) and qanaa (satisfaction with ones possession). When Allaah grants a believer wealth and increases it for him, it happens in one or all of the three foregoing ways.

Spend it on Halaal The believer who is favoured with wealth should fulfill his own part of the deal showing gratitude for Allaahs favour. Being grateful requires that a Muslim with wealth spends it to please Allaah while abstaining from buying and sponsoring all that is haraam. Allaah says,

"And the likeness of those who spend their wealth seeking Allaahs Pleasure while they in their ownselves are sure and certain that Allaah will reward them (for their spending in His Cause), is the likeness of a garden on a height; heavy rain falls on it and it doubles its yield of harvest.And if it does not receive heavy rain, light rain suffices it. And Allaah is All-Seer of (knows well) what you do." (Q2[Baqarah]:265)

Seek Knowledge

The intended knowledge is that of the deen. It is the knowledge of the deen that moderates the previous two principles. Knowledge provides the information regarding what means is permissible to seek wealth and on what is permissible to spend the wealth. When Allaah combines wealth with knowledge for a believer, the pleasure of Allaah is easy to attain for him.The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"The world is for four (types) of persons. (One among the four) is a man whom Allaah granted wealth as well as understanding of the- Deen. He fears his Rabb and is kind (and renders service) to his relatives. And, in regard to the wealth he follows the commands of Allah and discharges rights. The man is the noblest... "(Tirmidhi)

Altogether Good When these three principles combine in a person, acquiring and increasing wealth is altogether good for him. Amr Ibnul Aas (RA) narrates that Rasulullah (salalahualayhi wa sallam) said:

"Wholesome (pure) wealth for a noble person is good." (Ahmad)

Thus, it is in the best interest of a Muslim to seek means of improving his income to ward off worry and despondency.

Most people are vulnerable in the face of hardship. It is equally necessary to abstain from waste and at the same time seek permissible means to increase your income. Rasulullah (salaIlahu alayhi wa sallam) used to advise the companions to retain some wealth as this is better for peace of mind. This was specifically stated to Kaab Ibn Malik (RA) who had expressed his desire to contribute all his wealth in the path of Allaah. "Oh Allaahs Messenger! Because of the acceptance of my repentance Iwill give up all my wealth as alms for the Sake of Allaah and His Messenger." The Rasul (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"Keep some of your wealth, as it will be better for you. "(Bukhari)

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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