Muadh ibn Jabal (RA) was an Ansaari of the Khazraj tribe in the city of Madinah. Several virtues distinguish Muaadh ibn Jabal (RA). He was a handsome and imposing character with black eyes and curly hair and immediately impressed whoever he met. He was already know for the sharpness of his intelligence among young men of his own age. He was also known for his gentleness, generousity and modesty. Then he accepted Islam at age fifteen at the hands of Musab ibn Umayr (RA), the daeey (missionary) whom the prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) had sent to Yathrib before the hijrah. Muaadh (RA) was one, of the people who had memorized the entire Quran during the time of theProphet and from whom the Messenger of Allah recommended that people learn the Quran:
"Learn the recitation of the Quran from (any of these) four persons: Abdullah bin Masud, Salim the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifa. Ubai bin Kab. and Muadh bin Jabal ."(Bukhari)
When the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) reached Madinah, Muadh ibnJabal (RA) stayed in his company as much as possible, Wherever Muadh (RA) went, people would refer to him for legal judgments on matters over which they differed. This is not strange since he was the best pupil of the best teacher. His knowledge bore the stamp of authenticity. The best certificate that he could have received came from the Prophet himself when he said:
"...and the one who has most knowledge about what is lawful (halaal) and what is prohibited (haraam) is Muadh ibn Jabal." (Ahmad)
In spite of his youth Muaadh (RA) had a lovable personality. The companion, Abdullah ibn Masood (RA), used to say:
"Verily, Muaadh is a leader of the people, he is Allah’s obedient slave, and he is not of the mushrikeen (polytheists)".
Most of those that came across him loved him easily. Abu Idris al- Khawlani (RAH) said,
"I entered the Damascus mosque and there was a young man with a beautiful mouth and white teeth sitting with some people. When they disagreed about something, they referred it to him and proceeded from his statement. I inquired about him, and it was said, This is Muadh ibn Jabal (RA).The next day I went to the noon-prayer, and I found that he had preceded me to the noon prayer and I found him praying." Abu ldris continued, "I waited for him until he had finished the prayer. Then I came to him and greeted him and said, By Allah! I love you for Allah! He said, By Allah? I said, By Allah. He said, By Allah? I said, By Allah. He said, By Allah? I said, By Allah. He continued, "He took me by the upper part of my cloak and pulled me to him and said, Rejoice! I the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) say, "Allah said. My love is obliged for-those who love each other in Me, and those who sit with each other in Me, and those who visit each other in Me, and those who give to each other generously in Me. (Muwatta)
Muaadh (RA) had a high status in the eyes of the Prophet, who once said to him, "
O Muaadh! By Allah truly I love you." (Abu Dawood)
Sometimes, the Messenger of Allah would let him ride with him on the same mount.
Part of Muaadh's excellence is that the Prophet sent him to the people of Yemen as a preacher on his behalf, a caller; a giver of religious verdict and a judge. Some elaboration is required to draw the full significance of this trip. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) sent Muaadh (RA) with a message to the people of Yemen (who were mostly Xtians) and a host of personal life-changing advices. As for the message, he said to him:
"You are going to a people who are People of the Scripture. Invite them to accept the shahadah: that there is no god but Allah and I am His Messenger. If they accept and affirm this tell them that Allah has enjoined five prayers upon them during the day and night. If they accept that, tell them also that He has enjoined sadaqah upon their assets which will be taken from the rich of the (Muslim) community and distributed to the poor. If they accept that, refrain from laying hands upon the best of their goods and fear the cry of the oppressed, for there is no barrier between Allah and it." (Agreed upon)
As for the advices for his life, Rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him:
"0 Muaadh; fear Allah wherever you are. and follow up a bad deed with a good one and it will wipe it out. and behave well toward people." (Tirmidhi)
Then he went out with him, Muadh riding and Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) walking beside his riding beast. Muadh narrated that "The last advice the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhiwa sallam) gave me when I put my foot in the stirrup was that he said: :
Make your character good for the people, Muadh ibn jabal!" (Muwatta)
Then when he finished he said, "Perhaps. Muadh you may not meet me after this year, but perhaps, you may pass this mosque of mine and my grave." Muadh (RA) wept from grief over the departure of Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam). The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) then turned facing Medina and said:
"Those nearest to me are the pious, whoever they are and wherever they are." (Ahmad)
Thus did the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wo sallam) certify that Muaadh (RA) was a man of taqwa, a pious man.
By the time he came back from Yemen, the Rasul (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) had died. He too did not live for much longer. He died due to pestilence, while traveling for the sake of jihad in Syria, in the year 17 AH, at the age of 34. He narrated 157ahadeeth. One of them will help you to become a man of taqwa: He said, AlIah’s Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) instructed me to do ten things saying:
"Do not associate anything with Allah even if you are killed and burnt on that account. Don’t be disobedient to your parents even if they command you to abandon your family and your property. Do not deliberately neglect to observe a prescribed prayer for he who neglects the prescribed prayer deliberately will become out of the protection of AIlah. Do not drink wine for it is the height of every obscenity. Shun evil, for with evil there descends the wrath of Allah. Beware of running away from the battle-field even if the people perish. And when the death overtakes the people (in a plague Or disaster) and you are one amongst them, show steadfastness. Spend on your children according to your means. Do not refrain from using pressure (of punishment) with a view to training them and Inculcate in them the fear (taqwa) of Allah. (Ahmad)
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited