JULAYBIB ON THE PATH TO PARADISE

If you were to ask most Muslims who as-Siddiq was, they would be able to identify him, tell you that actually was not his name, they would also tell you his father’s name, how old he was when he died and so on. Move on and ask about al-Faruq, and the story is the same, meanwhile these are just their nicknames. These two (together with others) are some of the well known (and deservedly so) companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). May Allaah be pleased with them all. Amin.

Now, ask what is the name (not nickname) of that companion that use to sweep the masjid and he died and was buried without informing the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knowing? Hmm, that is a difficult one. Okay let’s take another one, what of the companion who came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him how he wanted to be killed in battle with an arrow at his neck and that was precisely what happened? Oh, another blank on that too? You might ask, what is so important about them anyway? Maybe that's why we do not know much about them? But a look at how they lived and ended their lives will show us that though some of them were little known, they meant a lot to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

He was pleased with their company when they lived, he missed them when they died and he prayed for them after their death. If that is the only good thing that one can get (the prayer of the Prophet), it would be sufficient. Our hero of today is one of such, but before we get to his own story lets know about those two lesser known companions we mentioned earlier.

The black woman who use to clean the Masjid

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that a black woman used to clean the masjid and pick up dirty rags and sticks from it. She died and after a few days, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) missed her. He asked about her and was told that she died. He said, "Shouldn't you have informed me?" They told him, as if belittling her, "She died and was buried at night. We hated to wake you up." He said, "Show me her grave." They guided him to it, and he stood over it and prayed for her. He then said:

"Indeed, these graves engulf their dwellers with darkness; and Allaah illuminates them by my prayer for them." (Bukhari & Muslim).

The Bedouin who was true to Allaah

Shaddad bin al-Had [RA] reported that a bedouin came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), believed in him, followed him and said, "I want to migrate with you." The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked some of his companions to take care of him (to teach him Islam). During the battle of Khaybar, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) won some spoils, and divided them among his followers, allotting some to that man. He gave his share to the companions, because he was out grazing their animals. When he returned they gave him his share, and he asked, "What is this?" They told him, This is your share from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). So he took that and went to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asking, "What is this?" He replied, "I alloted this share to you." He said, "But this is not the reason that I followed you. I followed you so that I would be hit right here (pointing to his neck) with an arrow, die and enter Jannah." told him, "If you are true to AIlaah, AIlaah will be true to you (by granting your wish)."

After a short while, the fighting resumed, and that man was later brought before the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), dead with an arrow where he had pointed. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked, "Is this the same man?" and was told, "Yes." He said, "He was true to Allaah, so AIlaah was true to him." The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) then shrouded him in his own cloak, brought him forth and prayed janazah for him. Some of what was possible to hear of his prayer was the following: "O AIlaah! This is your abd [slave] . He left his home migrating for Your cause, and died as a shahid [martyr]. I am a witness to this." (Nasaai)

These are just examples from the amazing men and women whom Allaah made the companions of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We know little about them but their deeds and the prayer of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for them survive till today. Our Companion of this edition is one of such and now we go back to his story. His name was unusual and incomplete. Julaybib means "small gown" being the diminutive form of the word "Jalbab ". The name is an indication that Julaybib was small and short, even of dwarf-like stature. More than that, he is described as being "damim" which means not good looking, deformed, or of repulsive appearance.

Julaybib is like the second man in the following hadith: Narrated Sahl bin Sad As Said (RA), "A man passed by Allaah's Messenger and he [the Prophet] asked a man sitting beside him, "What is your opinion about this (passer-by)?" He replied, "This (passerby) is from the noble class of people. By, Allaah, if he should ask for a ladys hand in marriage, he ought to be given her in marriage, and if he intercedes for somebody, his intercession will be accepted." Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kept quiet, and then another man passed by and Allaah's Messenger asked the same man (his companion) again, "What is your opinion about this (second) one?" He said, "O Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)!

This person is one of the poor Muslims. If he should ask a lady's hand in marriage, no one will accept him, and if he intercedes for somebody, no one will accept his intercession, and if he talks, no one will listen to his talk." Then Allaah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

This (poor man) is better than such a large number of the first type (i.e. rich men) as to fill the earth. "(Bukhari)

Even more disturbing, for the society in which he lived, Julaybib's lineage was not known. There is no record of who his mother or his father was or to what tribe he belonged. This was a grave disability in the society in which he lived. And this is also true for most societies till now. Julaybib could not expect much protection from a society that placed a great deal of importance on family and tribal connections. In this regard, all that was known of him was that he was an Arab and that, as far as the new community of Islam was concerned, he was one of the Ansar. Some of what has been said about him One would have thought that with the duties of state he was saddled with, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would be too busy to notice people like Julaybib and the black woman mentioned before. That was not the case however, because the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to be aware of peoples condition even if other people considered their affair insignificant. With Julaybib in mind, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went to one of the Ansar and said: "I want to have your daughter married." "How wonderful and blessed, O Messenger of God and what a delight to the eye (this would be)," replied the Ansari man with obvious joy and happiness. "I do not want her for myself, " added the Prophet. "Then for whom, 0 Messenger of God?" asked the man, obviously somewhat let down. "For Julaybib," said the Prophet. The Ansari must have been too shocked to give his own reaction and he merely said: "I will consult with her mother." And off he went to his wife. "The Messenger of God (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), wants to have your daughter married," he said to her. She too was thrilled. "What a wonderful idea and what a delight to the eye (this would be)." she said. "He doesn’t want to marry her himself but he wants to marry her to Julaybib," he added. She was flabbergasted. "To Julaybib! No, never to Julaybib! No, by the living God, we shall not marry (her) to him." she protested. As the Ansari was about to return to the Prophet to inform him of what his wife had said, the daughter who had heard her mother's protestations, asked: "Who has asked you to marry me?" Her mother told her of the Prophet's request for her hand in marriage to Julaybib. When she heard that, the request had come from the Prophet and that her I mother was absolutely opposed to the idea, she was greatly perturbed and said: "Do you refuse the request of the Messenger of God? Send me to him for he shall certainly not bring ruin to me." This was the reply of a truly great person who had a clear understanding of what was required of her as a Muslim.

What greater satisfaction and fulfilment can a Muslim find than in responding willingly to the requests and commands of the Messenger of God! No doubt, this companion of the Prophet, whose name we do not even know had heard the verse of the Quran:

"Now whenever God and His Messenger have decided a matter, it is not for a believing man or believing woman to claim freedom of choice in so far as they themselves are concerned. And he who disobeys God and His Prophet has already, most obviously, gone astray. "(Q33:36).

"I am satisfied and submit myself to whatever the Messenger of God deems good for me." The Prophet heard of her reaction and prayed for her: "O Lord, bestow good on her in abundance and make not her life one of toil and trouble." Among the Ansar, it is said there was not a more eligible bride than she. She was married by the Prophet to Julaybib and they lived together until he was killed His bravery and matrydom.

And how was Julaybib killed? Abu Barza reported that Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was there in a battlefield that Allaah conferred upon him the spoils of war. He said to his Companions: Is anyone missing amongst you? They said: So and so and so. He again said: Is there anyone missing amongst you? They said: So and so and so. He then said: Is there anyone missing amongst you? They said: No. There upon he (the Prophet) said: But I am missing Julaybib. They (his Companions) searched him amongst those who had been killed and they found him by the side of seven (dead bodies) whom he had killed and he had been killed (by the opponents). Allaah's Messenger (may Allaah’s peace be upon him) came there and stood (by his side) and said: He killed seven (persons). Then (his opponents) killed him. He is mine and I am his. He then placed him upon- his hands and there was none else to lift but Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Then the grave was dug for him and he was placed in the grave. (Muslim)

Julaybib and his wife are not usually among the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) whose deeds are sung and whose exploits are recounted with reverence and admiration as they should be. But in the meagre facts that are known about them and which have here been recounted we see how humble human beings were given hope and dignity by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) where once there was only despair and self-debasement.

The attitude of the unnamed Ansari girl who readily agreed to be the wife of a physically unattractive man was an attitude which reflected a profound understanding of Islam. It showed how she subdued her personal desires and preferences even when she could have counted on the support of her parents. It reflected her total disregard for social pressures. It showed above all, a ready and explicit confidence in the wisdom and authority of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and a willingness to submit herself to whatever he deemed good. This is the attitude of the true believer. In Julaybib, there is the example of a person who was almost regarded as a social outcast because of his appearance. Given help, confidence and encouragement by the noble Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), he was able to perform acts of courage. Then, he made the supreme sacrifice that earned him commendation of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): "He is of me and I am of him."

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

 

ah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him how he wanted to be killed in battle with an arrow at his neck and that was precisely what happened? Oh, another blank on that too? You might ask, what is so important about them anyway? Maybe that's why we do not know much about them? But a look at how they lived and ended their lives will show us that though some of them were little known, they meant a lot to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

He was pleased with their company when they lived, he missed them when they died and he prayed for them after their death. If that is the only good thing that one can get (the prayer of the Prophet), it would be sufficient. Our hero of today is one of such, but before we get to his own story lets know about those two lesser known companions we mentioned earlier.

The black woman who use to clean the Masjid

Abu Huraira (RA) reported that a black woman used to clean the masjid and pick up dirty rags and sticks from it. She died and after a few days, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) missed her. He asked about her and was told that she died. He said, "Shouldn't you have informed me?" They told him, as if belittling her, "She died and was buried at night. We hated to wake you up." He said, "Show me her grave." They guided him to it, and he stood over it and prayed for her. He then said: "Indeed, these graves engulf their dwellers with darkness; and Allaah illuminates them by my prayer for them." (Bukhari & Muslim).

The Bedouin who was true to Allaah

Shaddad bin al-Had [RA] reported that a bedouin came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), believed in him, followed him and said, "I want to migrate with you." The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked some of his companions to take care of him (to teach him Islam). During the battle of Khaybar, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) won some spoils, and divided them among his followers, allotting some to that man. He gave his share to the companions, because he was out grazing their animals. When he returned they gave him his share, and he asked, "What is this?" They told him, This is your share from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). So he took that and went to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asking, "What is this?" He replied, "I alloted this share to you." He said, "But this is not the reason that I followed you. I followed you so that I would be hit right here (pointing to his neck) with an arrow, die and enter Jannah." told him, "If you are true to AIlaah, AIlaah will be true to you (by granting your wish)."

After a short while, the fighting resumed, and that man was later brought before the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), dead with an arrow where he had pointed. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked, "Is this the same man?" and was told, "Yes." He said, "He was true to Allaah, so AIlaah was true to him." The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) then shrouded him in his own cloak, brought him forth and prayed janazah for him. Some of what was possible to hear of his prayer was the following: "O AIlaah! This is your abd [slave] . He left his home migrating for Your cause, and died as a shahid [martyr]. I am a witness to this." (Nasaai)

These are just examples from the amazing men and women whom Allaah made the companions of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We know little about them but their deeds and the prayer of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for them survive till today. Our Companion of this edition is one of such and now we go back to his story. His name was unusual and incomplete. Julaybib means "small gown" being the diminutive form of the word "Jalbab ". The name is an indication that Julaybib was small and short, even of dwarf-like stature. More than that, he is described as being "damim" which means not good looking, deformed, or of repulsive appearance.

Julaybib is like the second man in the following hadith: Narrated Sahl bin Sad As Said (RA), "A man passed by Allaah's Messenger and he [the Prophet] asked a man sitting beside him, "What is your opinion about this (passer-by)?" He replied, "This (passerby) is from the noble class of people. By, Allaah, if he should ask for a ladys hand in marriage, he ought to be given her in marriage, and if he intercedes for somebody, his intercession will be accepted." Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kept quiet, and then another man passed by and Allaah's Messenger asked the same man (his companion) again, "What is your opinion about this (second) one?" He said, "O Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)!

This person is one of the poor Muslims. If he should ask a lady's hand in marriage, no one will accept him, and if he intercedes for somebody, no one will accept his intercession, and if he talks, no one will listen to his talk." Then Allaahs Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, This (poor man) is better than such a large number of the first type (i.e. rich men) as to fill the earth. "(Bukhari)

Even more disturbing, for the society in which he lived, Julaybib's lineage was not known. There is no record of who his mother or his father was or to what tribe he belonged. This was a grave disability in the society in which he lived. And this is also true for most societies till now. Julaybib could not expect much protection from a society that placed a great deal of importance on family and tribal connections. In this regard, all that was known of him was that he was an Arab and that, as far as the new community of Islam was concerned, he was one of the Ansar. Some of what has been said about him One would have thought that with the duties of state he was saddled with, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would be too busy to notice people like Julaybib and the black woman mentioned before. That was not the case however, because the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to be aware of peoples condition even if other people considered their affair insignificant. With Julaybib in mind, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went to one of the Ansar and said: "I want to have your daughter married." "How wonderful and blessed, O Messenger of God and what a delight to the eye (this would be)," replied the Ansari man with obvious joy and happiness. "I do not want her for myself, " added the Prophet. "Then for whom, 0 Messenger of God?" asked the man, obviously somewhat let down. "For Julaybib," said the Prophet. The Ansari must have been too shocked to give his own reaction and he merely said: "I will consult with her mother." And off he went to his wife. "The Messenger of God (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), wants to have your daughter married," he said to her. She too was thrilled. "What a wonderful idea and what a delight to the eye (this would be)." she said. "He doesnt want to marry her himself but he wants to marry her to Julaybib," he  added. She was flabbergasted. "To Julaybib! No, never to Julaybib! No, by the living God, we shall not marry (her) to him." she protested. As the Ansari was about to return to the Prophet to inform him of what his wife had said, the daughter who had heard her mother's protestations, asked: "Who has asked you to marry me?" Her mother told her of the Prophet's request for her hand in marriage to Julaybib. When she heard that ,_ the request had come from the Prophet and that her I mother was absolutely opposed to the idea, she  was greatly perturbed and said: "Do you refuse the request of the Messenger of God? Send me to him for he shall certainly not bring  ruin to me." This was the reply of a truly great  person who had a clear understanding of what was required of her as a Muslim.

What greater satisfaction and fulfilment can a Muslim find than in responding willingly to the requests and commands of the Messenger of God! No doubt, this companion of the Prophet, whose name we do not even know had heard the verse of the Quran: "Now whenever God and His Messenger have decided a matter, it is not for a believing man or believing woman to claim freedom of choice in so far as they themselves are concerned. And he who disobeys God and His Prophet has already, most obviously, gone astray. "(Q33:36).

"I am satisfied and submit myself to whatever the Messenger of God deems good for me." The Prophet heard of her reaction and prayed for her: "O Lord, bestow good on her in abundance and make not her life one of toil and trouble. " Among the Ansar, it is said there was not a more eligible bride than she. She was married by the Prophet to Julaybib and they lived together until he was killed. His bravery and matrydom.

And how was Julaybib killed? Abu Barza reported that Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was there in a battlefield that Allaah conferred upon him the spoils of war. He said to his Companions: Is anyone missing amongst you? They said: So and so and so. He again said: Is there anyone missing amongst you? They said: So and so and so. He then said: Is there anyone missing amongst you? They said: No. There upon he (the Prophet) said: But I am missing Julaybib. They (his Companions) searched him amongst those who had been killed and they found him by the side of seven (dead bodies) whom he had killed and he had been killed (by the opponents). Allaah's Messenger (may Allaahs peace be upon him) came there and stood (by his side) and said: He killed seven (persons). Then (his opponents) killed him. He is mine and I am his. He then placed him upon- his hands and there was none else to lift but Allaah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Then the grave was dug for him and he was placed in the grave. (Muslim)

Julaybib and his wife are not usually among the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) whose deeds are sung and whose exploits are recounted with reverence and admiration as they should be. But in the meagre facts that are known about them and which have here been recounted we see how humble human beings were given hope and dignity by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) where once there was only despair and self-debasement.

The attitude of the unnamed Ansari girl who readily agreed to be the wife of a physically unattractive man was an attitude which reflected a profound understanding of Islam. It showed how she subdued her personal desires and preferences even when she could have counted on the support of her parents. It reflected her total disregard for social pressures. It showed above all, a ready and explicit confidence in the wisdom and authority of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and a willingness to submit herself to whatever he deemed good. This is the attitude of the true believer. In Julaybib, there is the example of a person who was almost regarded as a social outcast because of his appearance. Given help, confidence and encouragement by the noble Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), he was able to perform acts of courage. Then, he made the supreme sacrifice that earned him commendation of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): "He is of me and I am of him."

 

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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