Alhamdulillah, we know now how to perform wudoo and tayammum, i.e. both the wet and dry ablution. The main reason why we perform either is so that we can observe our salaah (the second pillar of Islam). There are the tive compulsory prayers (salaawat i.e. plural of salaah). We shall start with learning the basic compulsory aspects of a rakaah (a unit of salaah). We shall use Salaatul Subhi (the morning salaah that has two rakat) as our example.
1) Qiyam (the standing): Stand straight facing the qiblah i.e the direction of Makkah, with your feet apart.
2) Takbiratul ihram: Raise both hands up to the ears or your shoulders and say Allaahu Akbat
3) Place the right hand on the left and put them on your chest, fix your eyes on the place of prostration.
4) Recite Suratul Fatiha (Q 1: 7) and say Ameen at the end of the recitation Recite any other surah you know after it. For this salaah, you should recite aloud, but if you are praying behind an imam, follow his recitation silently.
5) Ruku: Raise both hands to the ears or shoulders again, say Allahu Akbar and go to ruku. This is when we bend at an angle of 90ﾰ at the waist to the rest of our body; let your hands rest on the two straight knees and make your back flat and straight. In the ruku, you should say "Subhanah Rabbiyal.Azeem three times.
6) Then stand up straight and raise both hands to the ears/shoulders and say as you are standing up: "Sami Allaahu liman hamidah". When you are standing fully upright, say "Rabbana wa lakal hamd, "Then say Allahu akbar and put your hands straight by your side and then go to sujud:
7) Sujud: This is the term for prostration. Here, your forehead, nose, both hands, both knees, and toes must touch the ground. All of these should face the Kaabah all the timeyou are in prostration.
8) Jalsah: This is the first sitting between prostrations. Be relaxed, let your back be straight and let your hands rest on your knees. You are to sayAllahuAkbarbefore you go tojhe sitting posture.
9) Sujud: Say Allahu Akbar and go back to sujud again, the same way as the first time.
10) After the second sujud you go back to qiyam (the standing position) for the second rakaah until you get to the second sujud again.
11) Jalsah: go to the sitting position and say the tashahhud and salaatul ibraheemiyah.
12) Tasleem: This is saying As-salaam Alaykum warahmatullah, turning to your right first, and then the left. For a three or four rakat salaah we sit for what is called the first tashahhud after the first two rakat; we get up to complete it as three or four after that These are the basic steps of salaah. There are still other things to be learnt and lnsha Allaah, we shall do that in coming editions.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited