The permissibility of reciting the Quran from memory for one who is in a minor state of impurity If one is junub, in a major state of impurity [this results, for instance, from engaging in sexual intercourse or having wet dream, and one continues o remain in this state until he takes a shower], it is categorically forbidden for him to recite the Ouran, which means at he may neither touch the Ouran and read from it directly nor recite it from memory.
Ali [RA] said, "The messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of AIlaah be upon him] would recite the Qur'an to us, as long as he was not a major state of impurity}" But if one is in a minor state of impurity. [which results, for example from sleeping, passing wind.. defecating, or urinating], then it is permissible for him to at least recite the Quran from memory.
Discussing the time when he spent the night at the home of his aunt Maymoonah [RA], the Prophet's wife [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] Abdullaah bn Abbas [RA] said, In the middle of the night or just before or just after the Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of AlIaaf be upon him] woke up, sat up and wiped the sleep from his-face with his hand. He then recited Soorat Aal-lmran, after which he-stood up [and went] to a water skin that was suspended [or tied] He then made ablution, performing it well" That the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] recited the Quran after sleeping but before performing ablution proves that it is permissible for one who is in a state of minor impurity to recite the Qur'an ,for like sleep, urinating and passing wind and defecating result in one being in a state of minor impurity; hence, they all take the same ruling.
True, is better and more complete to recite the Qur'an when one is purified; nonetheless, neither blame nor criticism should be leveled at one who recites it while being in a minor state of impurity , In fact the one who blames or criticizes him is the one who deserves censure, because he is imputing blame to one who is doing the same as the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] did as is established in the authentic Sunnah.
Umar bn AI-Khattab [RA] was once with a group of people who were reciting the oursn. He left them to relieve himself, and as he was returning, he was reciting the Qur'an. A man said to him, "O leader of the Believers, do you recite the Quran without having performed ablution?" Umar rejoined, "Who issued this ruling to you [that it is not permissible to recite the Quran while one is in a minor state of impurity]; was it Musailamah [the liar who claimed to be a prophet]? [Muwatta]
Question: Which is better for the reader to read from memory or read directly from the Quran?
Answer: The scholars are in disagreement concerning this issue. Some hold that it s better to read from ones memory, while others maintain that it is better to read directly from the Quran. The latter group represents the majority of scholars; they say it is better to read directly because there is added precision and blessings of seeing the Quran, blessings that are not necessarily tangible or directly felt.
However, there remains a third group of scholars whose opinion in the matter lies somewhere in between: Ibn Katheer said, "Some scholars say, "The matter really revolves around humility and presence of heart; if there are found in greater abundance when one reads from memory; but if they are found in greater abundance when one is reading directly from the Quran, then reading directly from the Quran is better, because better precision is achieved and because there is the added distinction of looking at the Quran."
After discussing this last opinion, Ash-Shaikh Abu Zakariyyah An- Nawawee [May Allaah have mercy on him] said, "From the sayings and actions of our pious predecessors, it appears that they applied this detailed ruling: And in relation to this issue, Ibn AI-Jawzee said, "Whoever has a copy of the Quran should at the very least read a few verses directly from it everyday, so that it does not become abandoned."
The permissibility of reciting the Quran for menstruating women and women experiencing post-natal bleeding: There is no authentic proof in which it is established that these categories of women may not recite the Quran; nonetheless, we know for sure that they not touch the Quran.
The Permanent Council For Scientific Researches [in Saudi Arabia] issued this ruling: "There is nothing wrong in these two categories of women reciting the Quran without touching it: menstruating women and women experiencing post-natal bleeding. This is the stronger of the two opinions held by different scholars on this issue, for there is no authentic proof established from the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] which indicate prohibition in this regard.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited