Rules of business deals

The rulings of trading and business deals Trading is legislated in the noble words of Allaah, al-Qur'aan. He says:

«Those who consume Riba (Usury) will not stand. (on the day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaytaan leading him to insanity. That is because they say: «Trading is only like Riba" whereas Allaah has permitted trading and forbidden Riba ... " (Q2[Baqarah]:275)

The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) engaged in trading practically and verbally approved of it. Narrated Jaabir bin Abdullah (RA): 'I was travelling on a camel of my own which had grown jaded and I intend to let it off. The Prophet (salal- laahu 'alayhi wa salaam) followed me and made supplication for me and struck it. then it went as it had never done before. He (the Prophet [sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)) then said: "Sell it to me for one Uqiya (forty dirhams)." I replied. No." He (salallaahu 'alayhiwa salaam) again said: "Sell it to me. "So I sold it to him for one Uqiya. but on condition that I should be allowed to ride it to (my) home. Then when I reached (home). I took the camel to him and he paid me its price in ready money ., ." (Muslim)

The principles of Trading

Trading and business deals in accordance with all other aspects of our faith should be for enjoining mutual cooperation for the cause of goodness and piety. sincerity with the Creator and with the rest of mankind. Allaah says:

«Help you one another in virtue, righteousness and piety; but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily! Allaah is Severe in punishment." (Q5[Maidah]:2)

Trading and commerce has its own fundamental principles which may be summarized as follows:

Be Just in weight and measure

To give just and due measure and weight and not to withhold from the people the things that are their due. For whoever is unjust in order to make quick gains is cursed. Allaah says:

"Woe to AI·Mutaffifin (those who give less in measure and weight). Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure, and when they have to give by measure or weight to (other) men, give less than due. Do they not think that they will be resurrected (for reckoning)." (Q83 [Mutaffifin]: 1-4)

Avoid of Evil

The second principle is to avoid evil and mischief. Rather, we should be contented with the profit that is left with us by A1laah after giving other people their due. Hakim bin Hizam (RA) related: Allaah's Messenger (salal-Iaahu 'alayhi wa salaam) said:

"Both parties in a business transaction have the right to annul it so long as they have not separated; and if they speak the truth and make everything clear they will be blessed in their transaction; but if they tell a lie and conceal anything the blessing on their transaction will be blotted out." (Muslim).

No Deception

Thirdly, not to commit deception because of the greed and passion for wealth and whoever does that, then his faith is suspect. Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated: 'Allaah's Messenger (salal- Iaahu 'alayhi wa salaam) said:

"He who takes up arms against us is not of us, and he who cheats us is not of us. " (Muslim). .

In another report, Allaah's Messenger (salal-Iaahu 'alayhi wa salaam) passed by a heap of corn. He thrust his hand in that (heap) and his fingers felt wetness. He said to the owner of that heap of corn: "What is this?" He (the seller) replied: "0 Allaah's Messenger! These have been drenched by rainfall." He (salal-Iaahu 'alayhi wa salaam) remarked: .. Why did you not place this (drenched part of the heap) over the corn so that people might see it? He who deceives us is not one of us." (Muslim)

Then as an antidote against falling prey to deception in business transactions, it is reported from the hadith of Abdullah bin Dinar (RA) who heard Ibn Umar (RA) saying: 'A man mentioned to the  Messenger of Allaah (salal-laahu 'alayhi wa salaam) that he was deceived in a business, transaction, whereupon Allaah's I Messenger (salal-laahu 'a/ayhi wa salaam) said:

"When you enter into a transaction (or when he buys, he should) say: There should be no attempt to deceive." (Muslim)

Wisdom in Trading,

A1laah in His Infinite Wisdom has legalized trading and business dealings in order to allow man to gain his needs from that which is owned by other people (Muslims and otherwise) without any inconveniences or harms or falling into that which is unlawful and He has made the honourable earning a blessed one. He says:

'Alaah will destroy Riba (Usury) and will give increase for Sadaqah (deeds  of charity, alms) " (Q2[Baqarah]:276).

In the tafseer of this ayah, Abu Hurairah (RA) related that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). said:

"Whoever gives in charity' what equals' a date, from', honest resources, and, Allaah only accepts that which is good and pure, then Allah accepts 'it with 'His right, (Hand) and raises it for it giver just as one of you raises, his animal, until it become as big as a mountain." (Muslim)

Indeed, rather than resort to begging, whatever you earn from your handiwork and from approved. business transactions are far superior.

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited



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