Within the framework provided by the pillars, both the individual and community matters of Muslims must be conducted according to the following six governing values:
"Verily Allaah commands Adl, Ihsaan and giving those close to you, while He forbids Fahshaa, Munkar, and Baghy. He admonishes you so that you heed the advice." (QI6[NahI]:90)
If we were to reflect on the commands that Allaah has given throughout the Quraan for individual or collective matters of Muslims, they all can be categorized under one of these six categories.
Proper understanding of these values can easily guide a Muslim in any matter of life on what should be practised and what should be avoided. Because of the tremendous profundity of this verse, Umar Ibn AbdulAzeez (RAH) recommended that Muslims should be reminded this verse in every Khutbah. We discussed Adl and Ihsaan in the previous editions. We hereby present the remaining four values.
Giving to Close Relatives
This is an extension of Ihsaan from social dealings to finances. To create the kind of loving and caring society Islaam wants Muslims to have, it requires the wealthy relative to share their wealth with their kins. If all Muslims practice this command, most of the people in society will be able to benefit from the resources Allaah has created, instead of being neglected or deprived. Regardless of how nice people are to each other in their dealings, if there are significant disparities in the standards of living of people who are in contact with each other, Shaytaan will have an opportunity to create ill-feelings among them.
This creates good feelings and healthy relationships in the society while those sharing their wealth also experience tranquility and inner peace from the pleasure they earn from Allaah. Soorah Israa'eel (Q 17), which explains these values in more detail, includes the poor of the society (and the others who may be in temporary need of financial help because of their circumstances, such as travellers) in this Ihsaan (generosity) of giving. However, giving to close relatives is not conditional upon their poverty. A believer with more resources or better standard of living is commanded to share with close relatives even if they are not poor but have comparatively lower standard of living.
The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "
Charity to a poor man is a (single) charity, while (charity) to a kinsman is (both) charity and strengthening ties." (Ibn Hibban)
Some people confuse this giving with the payment of Zakaah. This sharing of wealth is above and beyond Zakaah. This giving is an individual effort to share directly with ones close relatives and others in need, while Zakaah is collected centrally and distributed or spent on projects by the community leadership. That is why it is mentioned as a separate category in the Quran, sometimes in the same verse. For example, Allaah says: "
it is not piety that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allaah, the Last Day,the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are AlMuttaqun (pious)." (Q2[Baqarah]: 177).
If Muslims live by these three values and conduct all their affairs in their light, you can imagine the kind of beautiful, peaceful and loving society that will result. The next three items are the kind of behaviour that must be avoided. These values of avoidance take care of negative things that can give rise to problems in the society or disturb its peace. Fahshaa includes any interaction of sexual nature between nonspouses, anything sexually explicit or implicit, anything that publicly arouses lusts,indecency, exposure of a portion of body that should be covered, etc.
The corruption and problems these things can spread in society is self evident.In other verses of the Quran, Allaah has commanded that a believer must avoid all Fawaahish (indecencies of sexual nature) whether open or hidden. Zinaa (fornication) is the worst of the Fahshaa, but even dirty talk and language angers Allaah. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "The heaviest (the most rewarding) quality that will be put in the balance of a believer on the Day of Judgment will be excellence in social interactions.while indecent. dirty talk makes Allaah angry."(Tirmidhi) In that matter, the person who utters such words as well as the person who reports or spreads those words are equal in sin, as reported by Ali ibn Abee Taalib. Munkar is any behaviour that is unacceptable. It includes the whole spectrum of unacceptable behaviour ranging from the vices that Islaam prohibits to any behaviour that people in general disapprove or hold unacceptable universally.
These are things that are disliked generally by all human societies such as disobeying Allaah, breaking laws, disregarding rules, bad manners, jealousy, arrogance, etc. Baghy This applies to all kind of transgressions: exceeding limits, violating others rights, exploitation,rebellion against legitimate authority, abusing power and authority, etc. Violating anyones possessions, honour, body or rights all are acts of Baghy. It includes crimes such as cheating, stealing. killing, abuse, etc. Regardless of the sincerity of repentance, Allaah does not forgive these crimes unless the victim forgives or is compensated. There have been warnings and punishments mentioned about these kind of behaviours both in the Quran and Hadeeth. None of this behaviour can co-exist with true faith: The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
"A fornicator cannot be a believer while he fornicates, a thief cannot be a believer while he steals, and a drinker cannot be a believerﾕ while he drinks alcohol." (Muslim). To be successful, Muslims must avoid any activity that falls into any of these three categories.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited