There are a number of manners and etiquette procedures that accompany the performance of duaa, so that our duaa may be accepted. In the previous editions, we discussed etiquettes that should be followed before one makes duaa. In subsequent editions, we shall be looking at some etiquette to adhere to while making a duaa.
Praise Allaah before the Duaa, and say salaat on the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam). This is because the person who is making the duaa is asking for forgiveness, mercy and sustenance from his Creator, so it behoves the worshipper to start his duaa with the praise and glorification of Allaah, such that this praise is befitting His status. Fudhalah ibn Ubayd (RA) narrates that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) was once sitting in the mosque, when a person entered and prayed two rakaats. After he finished, he said, "O Allaah, forgive me and have mercy on me!" The Prophet (salallahu ,alayhi wa sallam) said: "You have been hasty a worshipper!
When you finish your prayer, then sit down and praise Allaah with the praise that He is worthy of and pray upon me, then state your duaa." After that, another man prayed, and then praised Allaah and prayed upon the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: "O worshipper Make your duaa, and it will be answered!" (Tirmidhi). This same narration has also come in a different wording from Fudhalah (RA), in which he said: the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) heard a man making a duaa in his salaat, and he did not pray upon the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam).The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "He has been hasty". He (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) then called him, and said to him, or to someone else: "When one of you has prayed, then let him begin with praising Allaah and glorifying Him, then let him pray upon the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam}. After that, he may make any duaa that he wishes." (Ahmad).
The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) described the initial persons prayer as hasty since he had preceded the prayer over the means. Abdullah ibn Masud (RA) narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: "There is no one who is more Aghyar (jealous) than Allaah, and that is why He has prohibited all indecencies, open and secret. And there is no one who loves to be praised more than Allaah, and that is why He has praised Himself" (Bukhari) Allaah wants us to praise Him so that we ourselves may benefit from this praise, since Allaah is not in need of anything, and we can never reach a position to benefit or harm Him. From this, the error of those who say, "If Allaah Himself loves to be praised, then how can we not love it?", can be seen. Allaah has praised Himself in the Quran on numerous occasions. For example He said: "All praise is due to Allaah, the Lord of the Worlds. The Ever Merciful. The Bestower of Mercy. The Master of the Day of Judgement." (Q I [FathaJ: 1-3) "He is Oft-Forgiving, full of Love. Owner of the Throne, the Glorious. He does what He intends." (Q85 [Buruj]: 14-16).