During the last days of the Umayyad caliphate and throughout the Abbassid period, a number of issues related to faith and the attributes of Allah were raised. The discussion led to the emergence of various factions (leading to sects) known as Qadariyah, Jabariyah, Mutazilah, Murjiah, Mujassimah and Muattilah. The supporters of each opinion fabricated contradictory hadeeth either supporting one opinion or rejecting it. Muhriz Abu Raja, a strong supporter of the Qadariyyah, admitted that they were behind a lot of spurious hadeeth. He said: "Dont report anything from anyone among the Qadariyah as we used to fabricate hadith in order to persuade people to believe Qadar with an intention of receiving reward from Allah. Some of the Karamiyah made a daring contribution to the fabrication of hadiths on the merit of certain particular actions.
They admitted that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) had said: "Whosoever speaks lie against me intentionally should reserve his seat in the Fire." But they remarked: "We did not speak lie against him but for him instead." (al-Baith al-Hadith) Apostates There were many disbelievers who accepted Islam as a cover for their underground activities. Because of Islams strength, they were unable to oppose it openly and plot against it. So they tried to undermine it by inventing a body of slanderous hadeeth to deface Islams pure image.
Among them was Abdul Kareem ibn Abil Awja who admitted at the very moment when he was put to death, by the order of Muhammad ibn Sulaiman ibn Ali, the Ameer of Basrah: "By God, I have fabricated four thousand hadeeths forbidding what is allowed and allowing what is forbidden." (al-Mawdoo al-Kubra)
A ridiculous hadeeth about the origin of the Creator is regarded as being one of their daring ventures. It goes as follows: "When God Almighty wanted to create Himself He first created a horse and let it gallop till it sweated. Then he created Himself from its sweat." (Ahadeeth Mawdoo)
Another notorious fabricator, Muhammad ibn Saeed, who was executed by crucifixion by Abu Jafar, the Abbasid Caliph, invented the following hadeeth on the authority of Humayd from Anas from the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) that he said: "I am the seal of Prophets and no Prophet will come after me except if Allah so wishes." Clearly, the man wanted to give credence to his claim of prophethood by adding the exceptional clause!
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited