The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said
"All of you are guardians and responsible for your wards and the things under your care. The Imam (i.e. ruler) is the guardian of his subjects and is responsible for them and a man is the guardian of his family and is responsible for them. A woman is the guardian of her husbands house and is responsible for it. A servant is the guardian of his masters belongings and is responsible for them. The narrator said: I thought that he also said, A man is the guardian of his fathers property and is responsible for it. All of you are guardians and responsible for your wards and the things under your care. " (Bukhari)
What we intend to do on this page is to inculcate in us some of the things that are expected of us as leaders in whatever capacity we-may find ourselves. Read on.
What is leadership?
Leadership refers to the process of moving people in a planned direction by motivating them to action through non-compulsive means. Good leadership moves people in a direction that is truly in their long-term best interest. Leadership both a role and process of influencing others. The leader is a member of a group who is given a certain, rank and is expected to perform in a manner that fits the rank. Also, a leader is the person who is expected to influence in forming and achieving the groups goals. An honest leader is the one who leads and not the one who manipulates to lead.
Effective leadership is the process of creating vision, developing a strategy, gaining cooperation and motivating action.
The effective leader should
1. Be able to create a vision of the future that takes care of the long-term interest of the all the parties involved;
2. Be able to develop a rational strategy for moving towards that vision;
3. Be able to gain the. support of the people whose cooperation, compliance, or teamwork is necessary to produce that movement; and
4. Be able to motivate the core group of people whose actions are important to implement the strategy.
Characteristics of an Islamic leader
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) told us that the leader of a people is their servant. Thus, a leader should always be in the business of serving and helping others get ahead. The following are some of the characteristics of Islamic leadership:
a. Allegiance The leader and the people that are being led are bound in allegiance to Allaah.
b. Adherence to the Shariah and Islamic Manners. The leader should not consider himself as being above Islamic injunctions. In the conduct of his affairs, he must adhere to Islamic manners, particularly in dealing with the opposition or dissidents.
The leader accepts his authority as a divine trust of great responsibility. The Quran commands the leader to do his duty for Allaah and to show kindness to those under his authority. Allaah says:
"Those, who if we give them power in the land, establish worship and pay Zakah and enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong"(Q22:41)
Training guide by for Islamic workers by Hashim Altalib