Etiquettes of jumu’ah Friday prayer and Evidences

A bath, the perfume and a good dress, and walking to the mosque, and avoiding stepping over people, and avoiding dividing two people who are sitting together, and pray two rakaah before sitting down, even during khutbah, and not clasping one’s hands and intertwining one’s fingers while waiting for the prayer, and sitting close to the imam, and not talking during the khutbah, and moving to a new location upon feeling drowsy.

1)         Narrated by Aws ibn Aws (RA): Allaah's Messenger: (sallaallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:

"If anyone washes and bathes on Friday, goes out early walking, not riding, goes close to the imam and listens without interrupting, he will have the reward of a year's fasting and praying for every step he takes." (Tirmidhee)

2)      The Prophet (sallaallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:

"Whoever makes Ghusl on Friday, and applies some of his wife's perfume if she has any, and puts on some of his best clothing, does not step over the necks of people, and does not speak uselessly during the khutbah (sermon), then it will be an expiation for what is between [the two Fridays]. And whoever spoke uselessly and whoever walked over the necks of people, it will be a Zuhrprayer [and not Friday prayer] for him." (Abu Dawud)

3)      Narrated by Salman Al Farsee (RA): Allaah's Messenger (sallaallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Anyone who takes a bath on Friday and cleans himself as much as he can and puts oil (on his hair) or scents himself; and then proceeds for the prayer and does not force his way between two persons (assembled in the mosque for the Friday prayer), and prays as much as is written for him and remains quiet when the Imam delivers the Khutbah, all his sins in between the present and the last Friday will beforgiven." (Bukhaari)

4)      While delivering a sermon, Allaah's Messenger (sallaallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:

"If anyone of you comes while the Imam is delivering the sermon or has come out for it, he should offer a two Rakat prayer." (Bukhari)

5)   Narrated by Ibn Umar (RA): "The Prophet (sallaallaahu 'alayhi wasallam) forbade thata man should be made to get up from his seat sothat another might sit on it, but one should make room and spreadout." Ibn 'Urnar disliked that a man should get up from his seat and then somebody else sit at his place. (Bukhari)

6)   The Prophet (sallaallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:

"When one of you makes ablution and excels in doing so, then goes out with the intention of going to the mosque. he should not clasp his hands together as he is in the prayer [as long as he is going to and waiting for the prayer]." (Abu Dawud)

7)   Narrated by Ibn Umar: The Prophet (sallaallaaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said:

"If one of you becomes sleepy while he is in the mosque, he should move from his place to another place." (Ahmad)

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited


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